Malaysia aviation: Malindo resumes growth after two year pause


Lion Group’s Malaysian affiliate, Malindo Air, is resuming expansion over the next few months as it adds at least three 737s and launches several new international routes. Malindo is expanding in the Indonesia-Australia and Taiwan-Japan markets using fifth freedom rights and is also adding new services from Malaysia to China, India and Vietnam

Malindo launched operations on 22-Mar-2013 and pursued rapid growth in the first three years. However, over the past two years the airline has cut capacity by around 15% and transferred eight of its aircraft to sister airlines outside Malaysia.

Malindo has significantly reduced its presence in Malaysia’s domestic market and virtually stopped pursuing expansion in Malaysia’s international market. While capacity growth is now resuming, the airline is reducing its reliance on the highly competitive Malaysian market by pursuing fifth freedom routes. 


  • Malindo plans to add three 737-800s by the middle of this year and is considering more additional 737-800s for 2H2019.
  • Malindo has not added a 737 in two years and has instead shrunk its fleet by transferring eight aircraft to sister airlines in Indonesia
  • The airline has slashed domestic seat capacity by one third over the past two years but is adding back some of this capacity in April.
  • Malindo has reduced international seat capacity slightly over the past two years and is resuming expansion over the next few months as it launches new routes to Australia, China, India, Japan and Vietnam
  • Four of the new routes are fifth freedom routes, including two from Bali to Australia and two from Taipei to Japan, enabling the airline to reduce reliance on the Malaysian market. 

Malindo’s fleet has shrunk over the past two years 

Malindo celebrated its five-year anniversary on 22-Mar-2018. The airline has so far carried nearly 30 million passengers but the growth curve has hardly been linear.

Malindo expanded rapidly in its first three years, growing its fleet to 44 aircraft in Mar-2017 and generating more than 210,000 weekly seats. Two years later, in Mar-2019, the airline has a fleet of 41 aircraft, generating approximately 180,000 weekly seats. The 737 fleet briefly peaked at 32 aircraft in 2Q2017 following the delivery of three 737 MAX 8s. Malindo was the launch operator for the 737 MAX 8 but transferred all three aircraft to Indonesia-based Lion Air in 3Q2017. It has since not added any 737s (NGs or MAXs).

Malindo is not impacted by the grounding of the 737 MAX fleet, which has also led to a suspension in deliveries, since the airline does not have the 737 MAX 8 or 737 MAX 9 in its fleet plan. However, as Lion ponders a potential cancellation of its 737 MAX orders the group could adjust its long term fleet plan, resulting in some adjustments for Malindo

Malindo’s turboprop fleet consisted of 15 ATR 72-600s in 1H2017 and briefly peaked at 17 ATR 72-600s in 3Q2017, but since then five ATR 72-600s have been transferred to the Lion Group's Indonesia-based turboprop subsidiary Wings Air. The first two ATR 72-600s were transferred in late 2017, only a few months after they were delivered, and the other three were transferred in 2Q2018, according to the CAPA Fleet Database. 

Malindo Air fleet in service, summary since 2013











ATR 72-600










Boeing 737-800










Boeing 737 MAX 8










Boeing 737-900ER




















Subang capacity slashed as ATR fleet is reduced 

Malindo bases all its ATR 72s at Kuala Lumpur Subang, where it has seven domestic routes and one international route. Malindo has slashed its Subang capacity by 50% since late 2017 – from approximately 30,000 weekly one-way seats to 15,000 seats. 

Malindo also has six point-to-point turboprop routes (four domestic and two international), mainly from Malacca. These are all low frequency routes while five of its domestic routes from Subang are high frequency (at least four daily flights even after the cutbacks) and account for most of its turboprop capacity. 

There are no jet services at Malacca, which is located only 150km from Kuala Lumpur, or Subang. Malindo bases all its 737s at Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA).

Malindo has also reduced capacity at KLIA 

Malindo currently has six domestic and 28 international routes from KLIA (based on OAG schedule data for the week commencing 18-Mar-2019). The airline has cut domestic capacity at KLIA by nearly 30% over the past two years, whereas its international capacity at KLIA has been relatively flat.

Malindo also currently uses its 737 fleet to operate two point-to-point domestic and nine point-to-point international routes, as well as two fifth freedom routes in the Australia-Indonesia market (as of 22-Mar-2019). 

Eight of the point-to-point international routes are less than daily services to China, which are essentially scheduled charters as most seats are block booked by Chinese travel agents. Four of these routes are from Kota Kinabalu, two from Langkawi, one from Kuching, and one from Johor Bahru.

The ninth point-to-point international route is a low frequency charter service from Kota Kinabalu to Sendai in Japan

Malindo’s traffic declined in 2018 

Malindo’s total domestic seat capacity has been reduced by 33%: from 114,000 weekly seats in Mar-2017 to 76,000 weekly seats in Mar-2019 (based on OAG schedules data for the second week of March). International seat capacity has increased by a modest 5% over the same period, from 100,000 to 105,000 seats. 

Malindo has shifted its focus to the more profitable international market but has also significantly slowed down its rate of international growth. Malindo’s international seat capacity reached an all-time high of 120,000 weekly seats during peak periods of 2018, while its domestic seat capacity peaked at 114,000 weekly seats in Dec-2016 and 1Q2017. 

Malindo’s annual seat capacity in 2018 declined by approximately 7%, according to CAPA and OAG data. International seat capacity was still up by 10%, whereas domestic seat capacity dropped by 26%. 

Not surprisingly, passenger traffic also declined in 2018. Malindo carried an estimated 6.7 million passengers in 2018 compared to 7.2 million in 2017. 

Malindo resumes domestic and international capacity growth 

Malindo is resuming domestic capacity growth in the northern summer 2019 schedule. The airline is offering approximately 86,000 weekly domestic seats this summer (from end of March) compared to 75,000 in the first 12 weeks of 2019. Malindo’s domestic capacity is increasing by approximately 15% at KLIA and by 10% at Subang, offsetting some (but not nearly all) of the earlier declines.

Malindo domestic weekly seat capacity: May-2013 to May-2019

Malindo’s international seat capacity is increasing from approximately 105,000 weekly seats in Mar-2019 to 111,000 seats in Apr-2019. Apr-2019 international capacity will be up slightly compared to Apr-2018 levels, whereas international capacity in 1Q2019 was approximately 4% below the 1Q2018 levels. 

Further international seat capacity increases are planned for later this summer. International seat capacity is scheduled to reach approximately 124,000 weekly seats in Jul-2019, representing a 17% increase compared to Jul-2018.

Malindo plans to focus mainly on the international market in 2019 as it resumes expansion. The international market accounted for more than 60% of its seat capacity in 2018, compared to slightly over 50% in 2017 and slightly less than 50% in 2016. This trend will continue in 2019, although Malindo is adding back some domestic capacity.

Malindo expects total passenger traffic to recover in 2019 and exceed the 7.2 million carried in 2017. It will likely end 2019 with 7.5 to 8 million passengers – depending on how many aircraft the airline adds in the second half. 

Lion Group to transfer three 737-800s to Malindo by mid-2019

Malindo has committed to adding three 737-800s over the next few months. The airline is considering more additional 737-800s in 2H2019 but these have not yet been firmly decided. 

All the additional aircraft are being transferred from Lion Group’s Indonesia-based full service airline Batik Air.

Batik operates a mixed fleet of 737NGs and A320ceos but plans to transition gradually to an all-Airbus fleet (including A320neos). Batik had already transferred Malindo three 737-800s in 1Q2017 (the most recent 737NG additions to the Malindo fleet) and six 737-800s in 2016.

Batik and Malindo have the same configuration and inflight product. On the 737-800 the two airlines have 150 economy and 12 business with seatback IFE in both cabins. Malindo has also been preparing to adopt the Batik brand, and therefore the 737s that have been transferred from Batik to Malindo still have the Batik tail.

Malindo to add at least six more international destinations 

Malindo’s upcoming international expansion includes at least six scheduled destinations – Adelaide, Da Nang, Sapporo, Sendai, Sydney and Varanasi.

The airline also plans to add more China routes over the next few months, including Johor Bahru to Guangzhou and Kuala Lumpur to Chengdu and Zhengzhou. It has also secured traffic rights for several other Malaysia-China routes, including Kota Kinabalu-Beijing. However, most of the new China services are essentially scheduled charters that are launched if contracts with Chinese travel agents are finalised.  

Sapporo is the first of the new international destinations with services beginning on 23-Mar-2019, followed by Adelaide with services beginning on 16-Apr-2019.

Malindo has not yet started sales for Da Nang, Sendai, Sydney or Varanasi. However, it has secured the required traffic rights and aims to start Sydney services in Jun-2019. The airline has confirmed to CAPA that the other three destinations are also in the network plan for this year.

Of the six new destinations, only Da Nang and Varanasi will be served nonstop from Kuala Lumpur. Adelaide and Sydney are being served via Bali; Sapporo and Sendai are being served via Taipei.

Malindo pursues fifth freedom routes  

The new fifth freedom routes are sensible because they reduce Malindo’s reliance on the highly competitive Malaysian market. As the airline resumes expansion it is keen to explore niche opportunities outside Malaysia. Fifth freedom routes will soon account for nearly 10% of Malindo’s total international seat capacity. 

Malindo began serving the Bali-Australia market in 2017 when it launched services to Brisbane. It added Melbourne in 2018 and is planning to launch both Adelaide and Sydney in 2Q2019. Adelaide will be served initially with four weekly flights and Sydney will be served daily.

See related report: Australia-Bali airline market: Lion's Malindo expands. AirAsia X next?

Bali-Melbourne is now served daily but in Feb-2019 Malindo reduced Bali-Brisbane from seven to four weekly services. Malindo currently has 22 weekly services from Kuala Lumpur to Bali, with 11 of these continuing to Australia. The airline plans to have 22 weekly Bali-Australia services in 2H2019.

Almost all of Malindo’s Bali-Australia traffic consists of Australians holidaying in Bali. Its new Taipei-Japan routes will also mainly cater to local traffic in the large and growing Taiwan-Japan market. 

Malindo has seven weekly services from Kuala Lumpur to Taipei. Three of these will continue to Sapporo from 23-Mar-2019 and the company has secured traffic rights to continue two of the frequencies to Sendai

Malindo extends its international network to Japan 

Sapporo and Sendai will be Malindo’s first scheduled destinations in Japan. Malindo is unable to serve Japan nonstop from Kuala Lumpur as it does not have any widebody aircraft.

Malindo was initially planning to add three A330s in late 2017 but the Lion Group reallocated these aircraft to Thai Lion at the last second. Malindo had been intending to use the A330s to serve Melbourne and Sydney – and potentially Japan. Malindo has served Perth from Kuala Lumpur since late 2015, but eastern Australia is not feasible from Kuala Lumpur with narrowbody aircraft. 

Malindo adjusted its strategy to expand in the Australian and Japanese markets with one-stop services. The one-stop services are much less risky as they can be served with smaller narrowbody aircraft and most seats can be filled on the second sector with fifth freedom traffic. 

India is a key market for Malindo 

Da Nang and Varanasi are logical new destinations from Kuala Lumpur, given the growth in the Vietnamese and Indian markets. 

Da Nang will become Malindo’s third destination in Vietnam after Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh. Da Nang, a fast-growing holiday destination in central Vietnam, is currently only served from Kuala Lumpur by AirAsia

Varanasi will become Malindo’s ninth destination in India after Amritsar, Bangalore, Delhi, Kochi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Trivandrum and Tiruchirappalli. Malindo will be the only airline serving Varanasi from Kuala Lumpur.  

India has been an important market for Malindo since shortly after the airline launched and is now Malindo’s second largest international market (after Indonesia), accounting for 17% of its total international seat capacity. Although Malindo is unable to expand in Indian metros due to bilateral constraints, it has been active at looking for new secondary destinations such as Varanasi that enjoy open skies.

Indonesia and China are also big markets for Malindo 

Indonesia is the airline's largest international market and is growing as Malindo adds capacity between Bali and Australia. Malindo has six destinations in Indonesia, where it is able to leverage Lion’s extensive domestic network.

China is its third largest international market and has been growing, driven by demand from Chinese agents. Malindo currently has eight destinations in China (but only one destination, Guangzhou, is served daily).

Thailand is Malindo’s fourth largest market.  It only serves Bangkok and Phuket in Thailand but is able to offer domestic connections using Thai Lion

Malindo international seat capacity by country: week commencing 18-Mar-2019

Source: CAPA – Centre for Aviation & OAG

Malindo’s international network approaches 50 destinations 

Malindo currently has 39 international destinations in 16 countries (includes charters). The network will grow to 45 destinations this summer and could reach 50 international destinations by the end of 2019. 

Malindo has the largest international network in the Lion Group. While the airline has slowed international growth over the past year – and for a few months it even cut capacity slightly – it has generally pursued rapid expansion in the international market since launching international flights on 28-Aug-2013 (five months after starting domestic operations).

The adoption of a full service network model three years ago has enabled Malindo to attract sixth freedom traffic as well as interline and codeshare partnerships, helping to support its earlier international expansion phase.

See related reports: 

However, Malindo’s expansion has not been all smooth sailing. Over the years Malindo has suspended nearly as many routes as it currently operates and it has not yet turned the corner to become profitable.

Malindo still has challenges to overcome 

The hiatus in expansion over the past two years was aimed at consolidating Malindo’s position and improving profitability. This was a necessary phase in Malindo’s development, although it resulted in market share declines – primarily to AirAsia and particularly in the domestic market. 

As it resumes expansion, Malindo’s reliance on fifth and sixth freedom traffic should help alleviate any impact. However, it will still not be easy to achieve profitability, given the intensifying competition in Malaysia and the broader Asia Pacific market.

As it celebrates its fifth birthday, the airline should start thinking about its long term position and identifying a sustainable niche. Malindo is competing in a very challenging marketplace that is not about to get any easier. 

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