Region: Asia: South East Asia


The Republic of Indonesia is an archipelago comprising 17,508 islands located in South East Asia. With a population of 230 million people, it is the world’s fourth most populous nation. With poor land-based transport infrastructure, aviation is vital to Indonesia and its economy. The Directorate General of Civil Aviation within the Indonesian Ministry of Transportation is responsible for the formulation, implementation and enforcement of aviation policy while ensuring that aviation in the country is reliable, safe and efficient. The national airline of Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia (IATA: GA), is wholly owned by the Indonesian Government and is based at the Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Jakarta. Servicing a number of destinations in South East and East Asia, the Middle East and Australia, Garuda recently resumed flights to Europe following the lifting of a ban by the European Union forbidding any Indonesian carrier from operating in European airspace after a series of safety concerns were raised.

Indonesia is the biggest aviation market in the ASEAN group of nations however is not yet a full member of the ASEAN open sky agreement throughout S.E Asia. The ASEAN open skies agreement plans to lift regional flying restrictions on member country airlines by 2015, Indonesia is considering opening up 5 international airports under the policy (Jakarta, Medan, Bali, Surabaya and Makassar). Access to foreign carriers on domestic routes will be disallowed, while international flights will be subject to bilateral agreements.

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