Global Alliance rankings. Star grows share, oneworld loses. Lack of legacy options draw in LCCs


Star Alliance airlines are expanding their capacity by 10.6% in Mar-2011, growing the grouping's share of global supply to 26.1%, as other groupings fail to keep up. The world's unaligned full service airlines (FSA) are still the biggest group (and rich pickings for the expanding alliances). The unaligned FSAs command a 27.9% of global capacity, down slightly from 28.2% in Mar-2010, as they grow capacity by 7.3% year-on-year this month - slightly below the global average 8.6% expansion.

  • Star Alliance airlines are expanding their capacity by 10.6% in March 2011, increasing their share of global supply to 26.1%.
  • Unaligned full-service airlines (FSA) still hold the largest share of global capacity at 27.9%, but their growth rate is slightly below the global average.
  • Low-cost carriers (LCCs) have surpassed SkyTeam to become the third largest grouping, with a 16.1% stake of global aviation, thanks to a 12% capacity expansion in March 2011.
  • SkyTeam's share of global capacity has marginally decreased to 15.8% year-on-year, while oneworld's share has fallen from 15% to 14.2%.
  • Legacy carriers are forming partnerships with new generation airlines to expand their network and compete with alliances in regions where options are limited.
  • Integration between legacy carriers and new generation airlines may face challenges due to the lack of premium cabin offerings on the latter, but these hybrid arrangements are expected to continue expanding.

See related report: Emirates replaces United Airlines as world's third largest carrier: Top 25 Rankings

The world's LCCs have overtaken SkyTeam to become the third biggest grouping with a 16.1% stake of global aviation, thanks to a 12% capacity expansion in Mar-2011, against SkyTeam's 10.1% expansion. SkyTeam airlines now hold a combined 15.8% share of global capacity, marginally lower year-on-year, while oneworld's share has fallen from 15% in Mar-2010 to 14.2% in Mar-2011 as the group's capacity has grown just 2.9%.

Capacity wars: Global alliances vs LCCs and unaligned carriers capacity (ASKs, bn): Mar-2011 vs Mar-2010

Global alliances vs LCCs and unaligned carriers seats, ASKs and flights: Mar-2011 vs Mar-2010

Mar-10 Mar-11

% change

% of total
% of total
ASKs (bill)
oneworld 75.6 77.8 2.9% 15.0% 14.2%
SkyTeam 78.9 86.9 10.1% 15.6% 15.8%
LCCs 78.8 88.2 12.0% 15.6% 16.1%
Star 129.4 143.0 10.6% 25.6% 26.1%
Un-Aligned FSA 142.5 152.9 7.3% 28.2% 27.9%
Total 505.2 548.9 8.6%
oneworld 255,134 247,575 -3.0% 10.4% 9.6%
SkyTeam 345,747 364,415 5.4% 14.1% 14.2%
Star 609,696 648,707 6.4% 24.8% 25.2%
Un-Aligned FSA 786,786 818,337 4.0% 32.0% 31.8%
LCCs 459,255 494,765 7.7% 18.7% 19.2%
Total 2,456,618 2,573,799 4.8%
oneworld 35,569,326 34,741,083 -2.3% 11.7% 10.8%
SkyTeam 42,260,210 45,610,375 7.9% 13.9% 14.2%
Star 71,362,026 78,050,112 9.4% 23.5% 24.2%
Un-Aligned FSA 87,085,410 91,311,552 4.9% 28.7% 28.3%
LCCs 66,770,200 72,597,686 8.7% 22.0% 22.5%
Total 303,047,172 322,310,808 6.4%

Analysis: Lack of legacy options continues to draw in LCCs

As the candidates for alliance membership continue to shrink in most geographies, the full service legacy carriers continue to forge links with new generation airlines.

American and WestJet

The most recent of these is the announcement of a codesharing agreement between American Airlines and WestJet as a means of bolstering the oneworld carrier's presence in Canada. WestJet already has an interline agreement with Delta and its SkyTeam partner Air France.

Air Canada's longstanding ties with Star have made it difficult for other alliances to find representation in Canada and the AA/WS agreement includes a frequent flyer provision that takes the pact to a new level and, if the AA miles are redeemable on other oneworld airlines, makes WestJet a defacto participant in the alliance rewards program.

Just exactly how the rewards will be extended to WestJet's Frequent Guest program is unclear, but the press release indicated that the "airlines are exploring other ways to augment their cooperation in the future."

Not the first for AA

American already has links with the US carrier JetBlue, as does Lufthansa. Delta, in addition to WestJet, has forged an agreement with Brazil's GOL as a means of distributing and collecting traffic for its network in South America where SkyTeam is poorly represented.

Given the reality that very few legacy carriers remain either unattached or unpledged to one of the global alliances, there is an increasing need for the network carriers to align with alternative operators in regions where other options no longer exist.

No Premium seamlessness

Just how far this integration can proceed without altering the basic business model of the new generation airlines is yet to be seen. There is also the lack of a premium cabin on most of these carriers, presenting a barrier to "seamlessness" for passengers in Business and First Class.

Nonetheless, absent other alternatives, we can expect that these hybrid arrangements will continue to spread.

Want More Analysis Like This?

CAPA Membership provides access to all news and analysis on the site, along with access to many areas of our comprehensive databases and toolsets.
Find Out More