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Aviation Sustainability and the Environment, CAPA 05-Feb-2020

Analysis

Headlines

Air North to upgrade fleet and reduce emissions 'by about 50%'

Wizz Air decreases CO2 emissions per passenger km by 1% in Jan-2020

Norwegian CEO: Sustainability is an opportunity for aviation, not a threat

UK Sustainable Aviation commits to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050

Southampton Airport in full support of UK Sustainable Aviation emissions commitment

This CAPA report features a summary of recent aviation sustainability and environment news, selected from the 300+ news alerts published daily by CAPA. For more information, please contact us.

Air North to upgrade fleet and reduce emissions 'by about 50%'

Air North president Joseph Sparling reported (Feb-2020) the carrier plans to upgrade its fleet and reduce fuel emissions "by about 50%" in three years (CBC, 03-Feb-2020). He noted fuel consumption per passenger could drop 27% if the carrier's Boeing 737-500s were filled to capacity, adding newest generation aircraft carrying the same payload as Air North does now could drop fuel consumption per passenger by 24%. Traffic growth of 19% with newer aircraft would also mean fuel consumption per passenger could fall 36%, with fuel savings able to bring about a 0.6% decrease in the fuel consumed in the Yukon. "Upgrading our scheduled service jet fleet will be a major undertaking", he said, adding it will also "offer a good hedge against future fuel cost increases and continue to benefit northerners through employment, economic growth, and cultural advancement".

Original Report: President's Message – February 2020

Feb-2020 President's Message – February 2020

This year marks the 43rd anniversary of Air North, Yukon's Airline and the 100th anniversary of aviation in the Yukon. Those of us who have been with Air North for many—if not all—of our 43 years can look back and take pride in just how far we have come while delivering a local product that makes air travel more affordable.

An upgrade to our jet fleet is on the horizon and we are including environmental considerations in our analysis, alongside capital and operating costs.

Climate change is an increasing topic of discussion. Our industry has been scrutinized for its impact on the environment related to greenhouse gas emissions linked to the consumption of jet fuel. While there is some debate about the scale of the effects, everyone likely agrees burning less jet fuel would be a good thing.

There are only three ways to reduce jet fuel consumption. Two are straightforward: fly less or operate more fuel-efficient aircraft. The third, which is not as apparent, is to make flights more efficient. While direct routings and single engine taxi procedures help towards this goal, the most significant way is to make sure as many seats as possible are filled on each flight.

As northerners, we know safe and economical air travel makes the North a better place to live. Many of the communities Air North serves are connected by a limited highway network with no bus or rail options, making air travel a necessity rather than a luxury. Making flying more efficient is the best strategy to save fuel without impacting quality of life or the economy. The following table illustrates the fuel consumed per passenger travelling between Whitehorse and Vancouver by road and by air. For air travel, the data is based upon aircraft we’ve operated in the past, currently operate, and are considering for fleet renewal (the newest generation which are just coming into the market now). For road vehicles, the data is based upon a generic economy car and a generic SUV. Note that the distance by road is farther than by air.

One of our Boeing 737-500s with a 70% load factor consumes approximately 5,606 litres of jet fuel between Whitehorse and Vancouver (or 67 litres per passenger). Compare that to 85 litres per passenger in an economy car with three passengers or 63 litres per passenger if all four seats are filled. An SUV would consume approximately 113 litres per passenger with four passengers or 84 litres per passenger with six passengers.

The gains we made when we upgraded to Boeing 737-500s from 737-200s is apparent, with a 21% improvement in efficiency (2% of which is attributable to the addition of winglets). Although we do not use turboprops on our Whitehorse–Vancouver route, our Hawker Siddeley 748 and ATR" data-value="42">ATR 42 aircraft are included to show the increased efficiency of the much newer ATRs.

Just as carpooling is the most efficient and environmentally sensitive way to drive to work, a full aircraft is the most efficient way to fly. In fact, we could decrease the fuel consumption by 27% per passenger on our 737-500s if we filled every seat.

Newest generation aircraft show potential fuel savings of 42% per passenger with a 70% load factor, 50% savings at the industry average load factor of 83%, and 57% savings with a full aircraft. To put that into perspective, we could save 3.7 million litres of fuel per year (24% of our current consumption). This is huge when you consider the annual fuel savings over our entire jet route network.

It’s interesting to look at this relative to all fuel used in the Yukon, which we estimate at 227 million litres annually. This data is based on available market statistics and analysis by our subsidiary, Chieftain Energy.

While we don’t purchase all of our fuel in the territory, the Yukon fuel savings of newest generation aircraft would represent a 0.6% reduction of all of the fuel consumed in the Yukon (or 8.7% of all jet fuel consumed in the territory). Another interesting factor is the 2–5% of fuel consumed in just transporting fuel to the territory, which certainly supports the case for finding ways of making the Yukon self-sufficient.

A more detailed look at the benefits of increasing load factors and upgrading our jet fleet is visible here:

Traffic growth of 13% would reduce fuel consumption per passenger by 11% with our current fleet. While it’s not a direct correlation as a little more fuel is burned with the extra payload, that is a noticeable savings. With newest generation aircraft carrying the same payload as we do now, fuel consumption per passenger would drop by 24%. With 19% traffic growth, to bring us up to industry average load factors, our fuel consumption per passenger would drop by 36%.

While the fuel savings associated with new aircraft represent our largest environmental initiative, we are exploring other ways to reduce our environmental footprint. These include our baggage policy, on-board products, packaging, the heating of our facilities, and our support infrastructure.

Upgrading our scheduled service jet fleet will be a major undertaking, possibly the biggest in our 43-year history. Our goal is to deliver the most modern, fuel-efficient, and environmentally friendly service in the country, offering Yukoners and visitors to the North safe, reliable, and affordable air transportation for years to come. It will also offer a good hedge against future fuel cost increases and continue to benefit northerners through employment, economic growth, and cultural advancement.

Whether you are a longtime Air North, Yukon’s Airline flyer or a new customer, welcome aboard. We value and appreciate your business.

Joseph Sparling, President, Air North, Yukon's Airline

Wizz Air decreases CO2 emissions per passenger km by 1% in Jan-2020

Wizz Air reported (04-Feb-2020) CO2 emissions of 58.9 grams per passenger/km in Jan-2020, a decrease of 0.9% year-on-year. Total CO2 emissions increased 21.3% to 306,136 tonnes.

Extract from original report: Wizz Air grows passenger numbers by 23% to 3.2M

JANUARY 2020 TRAFFIC AND CO2 EMISSION STATISTICS

Wizz Air grows passenger numbers by 23% to 3.2M 
LOAD FACTOR INCREASES BY 2PPTs TO 90%

Wizz Air Holdings Plc ("Wizz Air"), the largest low-cost airline in Central and Eastern Europe, today announces passenger and CO2 emission statistics for January 2020.

In January 2020, Wizz Air continued to grow its network and improve its customer offering as follows:

·      Wizz Air announced further expansion to Russia by launching four new routes from Pulkovo Airport, Saint Petersburg starting in summer 2020.

·      Route network expansion with the announcement of 18 routes: Albania (5x) Austria (5x), Bulgaria (3x), Hungary (1x), Lithuania (1x), Romania (1x), Slovakia (1x), United Kingdom (1x).

·      Base expansion with an additional Airbus A321 aircraft to its Vienna base from July 2020, taking the base to nine aircraft with five new routes and additional frequencies on existing routes.

·      Wizz Air continuously operates at the lowest CO2 emissions per passenger/km amongst all competitor airlines. At 58.9 grams, CO2 emissions in grams per passenger/km for the month of January were 0.9% lower than in the same month last year.  

Norwegian CEO: Sustainability is an opportunity for aviation, not a threat

Norwegian CEO Jacob Schram reported sustainability is an opportunity for aviation and not a threat (nettavisen.com, 29-Jan-2020). Mr Schram said there are less emissions produced on Norwegian aircraft on Oslo-Bodø route, than the same train trip. Mr Schram reported the airline, its fleet and route operated on decides the sustainability of an airline.

UK Sustainable Aviation commits to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050

UK Sustainable Aviation announced (04-Feb-2020) industry executives will sign a pledge committing to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050. The group also published a decarbonisation road map, outlining possible reductions including new aircraft and engine technology, modernising UK airspace and sustainable aviation fuels.

Original Report: UK Aviation Commits To Net Zero Carbon Emissions By 2050

  • Executives back plan to cut aviation net carbon emissions to zero by 2050, in line with UK Government targets
  • Follows thorough review published today in a new net zero Road-Map which shows where emissions reductions can come from
  • Ground-breaking commitment will cut carbon whilst accommodating 70% growth in passenger numbers to 2050
  • Industry calls on Government to work in partnership to establish the UK as a global hub for green aviation technologies, including sustainable aviation fuels and electric flight

Today members of the UK Sustainable Aviation coalition have united behind a commitment to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050. At an event with Transport Secretary Grant Shapps MP in Central London, aviation industry executives will sign a pledge committing to cut carbon emissions to zero by 2050.

This is based on a thorough review of the opportunities to cut aviation emissions and forms a central pillar of a new “Decarbonisation Road-Map: A Path to Net Zero” also published today by Sustainable Aviation. This sets out exactly where reductions can come from, including through smarter flight operations, new aircraft and engine technology, modernising UK airspace, the use of sustainable aviation fuels, and high-quality market-based policy measures.

With these actions, the UK will be able to grow passenger numbers by 70% – in line with current projections – whilst reducing net emissions from 30 million tonnes of CO2 per year today down to zero.

A “Sustainable Aviation Fuels Road-Map” has also been released today alongside the Decarbonisation Road Map, which identifies the specific role that sustainable aviation fuels could play in meeting this commitment. It forecasts that the UK could become a world leader in developing sustainable aviation fuels, which could meet 32% of the nation’s demand for aviation fuel by 2050.

Neil Robinson, Chair of Sustainable Aviation, said:

“Climate change is a clear and pressing issue for people, businesses and governments across the world. We know aviation emissions will increase if decisive action is not taken, and that’s why UK aviation today commits to achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050, through an international approach, working with governments around the world and through the UN.

“The UK is well positioned to become one of the leaders in the green technologies of the future, including sustainable aviation fuels and electric flight, creating highly-skilled and well-paid jobs in the process, and we look forward to working in partnership with Ministers to help realise these opportunities.”

Rt. Hon Grant Shapps MP, Secretary of State for Transport, said:

“The fight against climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing the modern world, but the aviation sector’s commitment today is a huge step forward in creating a greener future.

“Aviation has a crucial role to play in reducing carbon emissions, and with the help of new technologies, renewable fuels and our continued international co-operation through the UN agency, the International Civil Aviation Organisation, we’ll be able to strike that balance, creating a greener and cleaner future.”

Southampton Airport in full support of UK Sustainable Aviation emissions commitment

Southampton Airport MD Neil Garwood stated (04-Feb-2020) the airport "fully supports" UK Sustainable Aviation's commitment to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050. Mr Garwood added: "Continued investment in alternative biofuels and research and development for electric aircraft will usher in the green revolution for the country's aviation industry".

Original Report: Members of UK aviation coalition commit to net zero carbon emissions by 2050

The alliance consists of major airline operators and airports, including Southampton International Airport.

Today members of the UK Sustainable Aviation coalition have united behind a commitment to achieve net zero carbon emissions by 2050. At an event with Transport Secretary Grant Shapps MP in Central London, aviation industry executives will sign a pledge committing to cut carbon emissions to zero by 2050.

This is based on a thorough review of the opportunities to cut aviation emissions and forms a central pillar of a new “Decarbonisation Road-Map: A Path to Net Zero” also published today by Sustainable Aviation.

This sets out exactly where reductions can come from, including through smarter flight operations, new aircraft and engine technology, modernising UK airspace, the use of sustainable aviation fuels, and high-quality market-based policy measures.

With these actions, the UK will be able to grow passenger numbers by 70% - in line with current projections - whilst reducing net emissions from 30 million tonnes of CO2 per year today down to zero.

A “Sustainable Aviation Fuels Road-Map” has also been released today alongside the Decarbonisation Road Map, which identifies the specific role that sustainable aviation fuels could play in meeting this commitment.

It forecasts that the UK could become a world leader in developing sustainable aviation fuels, which could meet 32% of the nation’s demand for aviation fuel by 2050.

Neil Robinson, Chair of Sustainable Aviation, said: “Climate change is a clear and pressing issue for people, businesses and governments across the world. We know aviation emissions will increase if decisive action is not taken, and that’s why UK aviation today commits to achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050, through an international approach, working with governments around the world and through the UN.

“The UK is well positioned to become one of the leaders in the green technologies of the future, including sustainable aviation fuels and electric flight, creating highly-skilled and well-paid jobs in the process, and we look forward to working in partnership with Ministers to help realise these opportunities.”

Rt. Hon Grant Shapps MP, Secretary of State for Transport, said: “The fight against climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing the modern world, but the aviation sector’s commitment today is a huge step forward in creating a greener future.

“Aviation has a crucial role to play in reducing carbon emissions, and with the help of new technologies, renewable fuels and our continued international co-operation through the UN agency, the International Civil Aviation Organisation, we’ll be able to strike that balance, creating a greener and cleaner future.”

Neil Garwood, Managing Director at Southampton Airport, added: "Southampton Airport fully supports Sustainable Aviation's decarbonisation target of 2050."

"Aviation plays a key role in vital regional connectivity, and continued investment in alternative bio-fuels and Research & Development for electric aircraft will usher in the green revolution for the country's aviation industry."

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