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Aviation Sustainability and the Environment, CAPA 08-Oct-2020

Analysis

Norwegian aviation organisations commit to common aviation zero-emissions target by 2050

airBaltic identifies environmental impact as one of the most complex challenges it faces

Etihad Aviation Group signs MoU with EAD to collaborate on environmental programmes

Xiamen Airlines introduces biodegradable cabin products

Emirates Airline further utilises biofuel for crew transportation in Dubai

This CAPA report features a summary of recent aviation sustainability and environment news, selected from the 300+ news alerts published daily by CAPA. For more information, please contact us.

Norwegian aviation organisations commit to common aviation zero-emissions target by 2050

SAS, Widerøe, NorwegianAvinor, LO Aviation and NHO Aviation partnered (06-Oct-2020) to set a common aviation zero-emissions target and roadmap to achieve the target in Norway by 2050.

The partners underline that "significant investment" is needed in R&D and supporting markets to ensure sustainable fuel supply, electrified aircraft and the development of hydrogen technology. [more - original PR - Norwegian]

Original report: Luftfartsbransjen med ambisiøst mål: Norsk luftfart skal være fossilfri innen 2050

Norsk luftfart skal være verdensledende på klimaløsninger. Det er målsettingen i en fersk rapport fra en samlet norsk luftfartsbransje.

For første gang har SAS, Widerøe, NorwegianAvinor, LO og NHO Luftfart gått sammen om å sette et felles utslippsmål, og et veikart for å nå målet: Norsk luftfart skal være fossilfri innen 2050. Dette innebærer at det på ruteflygninger i og fra Norge i 2050 ikke skal brukes fossilt drivstoff.

– Med dette signaliserer vi en tydelig ambisjon, og vi forplikter oss alle til en rekke endringer de neste tiårene. For å få det til er vi også avhengige av et fortsatt tett samarbeid med myndighetene, sier Dag Falk-Petersen, konsernsjef i Avinor.

Han viser til at hele samfunnet – inkludert luftfart – må redusere klimagassutslippene dersom irreversible klimaendringer skal forhindres. Norge uten luftfart er nesten ikke tenkbart, og luftfarten skal være en del av løsningen for å nå målene satt i Paris-avtalen.

– Til tross for at vi er hardt rammet av koronapandemien, har ikke dette endret vår ambisjon om å redusere klimagassutslippene, sier Falk-Petersen

Luftfarten vil være pådriver – inviterer myndighetene til partnerskap

Norsk luftfart vil strekke seg langt for å nå målene som er satt. Bransjen investerer i nye energieffektive fly og er pådriver for å utvikle og ta i bruk null- og lavutslippsløsninger. Samtidig fases det inn bærekraftige drivstoff og luftrommet effektiviseres.

– For å nå bransjens ambisiøse mål er det ikke bare én løsning, men flere tiltak må til med effektive virkemidler fra myndighetene. I SAStar vi vår del av ansvaret og samarbeider blant annet med Airbus for å utvikle lav- og nullutslippsfly, og vil fylle biodrivstoff tilsvarene alle innenriksflygninger i Skandinavia innen 2030, sier Kjetil Håbjørg, konserndirektør i SAS.

– Politikerne må sørge for forutsigbare rammevilkår og så er det opp til markedsaktørene å bestemme hvilke klimavennlige teknologier som skal utvikles, produseres og tas i bruk. Omstillingen må gjøres kostnadseffektiv og lønnsom, sier Jacob Schram, konsernsjef i Norwegian.

Det legges vekt på at man trenger en betydelig satsing på forskning, utvikling og fungerende markeder for å sikre bærekraftige drivstoff, elektrifiserte fly og utvikling av hydrogenteknologi.

– Teknologiutvikling tar tid, men Norge har nå muligheten til å ta en ledende rolle internasjonalt. Vi foreslår at det opprettes en regelmessig møteplass mellom myndighetene og luftfartsbransjen, sier Torbjørn Lothe, administrerende direktør i NHO Luftfart.

Vil bli først ut med kommersielle elektrifiserte fly

Bransjen er opptatt av at offentlig sektor legger til rette for introduksjon av elektrifiserte fly i kommersiell luftfart.

– Vi har klare ambisjoner om å bytte ut kortbaneflåten vår med nullutslippsfly. Det norske kortbanenettet er som skreddersydd for dette, sier Stein Nilsen, administrerende direktør i Widerøe.

En omstilling til fossilfri luftfart kan skape arbeidsplasser i hele Norge.

– Vi er glade for å være med på å planlegge en klimavennlig luftfart. Vi påvirker politisk, og vi har den industrielle kunnskapen som trengs. Her er det store muligheter, ikke minst for etablering av norske arbeidsplasser, sier Peggy Hessen Følsvik, leder i LO Luftfart.

Roser bransjer og kutter flypassasjeravgiften for null- og lavutslippsfly

Samferdselsminister Knut Arild Hareide startet med å berømme AvinorSAS, Widerøe, Norwegian, LO og NHO Luftfart for det arbeidet som har blitt gjort   

– Ikke minst at dere har gjort det i en tid som er utrolig krevende for luftfarten, så viser dere likevel hvor viktig miljø- og klimaarbeidet er ved å prioritere dette arbeidet, sier han.

Hareide kunne også komme med en nyhet til bransjen: Regjeringen vil kutte flypassasjeravgiften for flyreiser med null- og lavutslippsfly og dette ligger inne i neste års statsbudsjett.  

– Vi ønsker å gjøre noe av det samme som vi har lykkes med i elbil-politikken, og bruke noen av de samme virkemidlene for luftfarten.  Dette vil ikke ha så stor effekt i 2021, men signalet er veldig tydelig fra myndighetene: Vi fjerner avgiftene for å sikre null- og lavutslippsfly og sier tydelig hvilken vi retning vi ønsker at dette skal gå i, sa Hareide.

airBaltic identifies environmental impact as one of the most complex challenges it faces

airBaltic stated (01-Oct-2020) environmental impact is one of the most complex challenges facing the carrier. Key environmental impacts include engine emissions, noise, use of chemicals and waste streams. airBaltic notes the growing concerns and expectations from relevant stakeholders and the public at large.

The carrier's key environmental strategy points include protection of the environment, prevention of pollution at all levels, minimisation of waste, reuse or recycling as much as possible, minimisation of greenhouse gas emissions, focusing on ground support equipment replacement and fuel consumption, introduction of new Airbus aircraft, encouragement of the use of alternative means of transport and carsharing and encouragement of the adoption of similar principles by suppliers and other stakeholders.

airBaltic CEO Martin Gauss stated: "Sustainability is an integral part of our daily life and future, and it is not only about clean air...in order to continue our sustainable growth path, we need to identify additional projects where the world and the people around us will benefit long-term". [more - original PR]

Excerpt from original report: airBaltic Publishes Annual Sustainability Report

Latvian airline airBaltic has today published its annual sustainability report, providing information of airBaltic and its subsidiaries performance in this segment for 2019.

Martin Gauss, CEO of airBaltic: “Sustainability is an integral part of our daily life and future, and it is not only about clean air. At airBaltic, we are focusing on environmental, economic and social sustainability. The future winners will be those who are already working on improving it. We see ourselves as an example of what we do in the world. We think greener, we fly greener.”

“We understand that, in order to continue our sustainable growth path, we need to identify additional projects where the world and the people around us will benefit long-term. Considering how challenging the recent months have been in aviation, we will put even more effort in moving forward,” Martin Gauss added.

Etihad Aviation Group signs MoU with EAD to collaborate on environmental programmes

Abu Dhabi's Government Media Office, via its official Twitter account, announced (01-Oct-2020) a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Etihad Aviation Group and the Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi (EAD), whereby the two groups agreed to collaborate on environmental programmes that align with Abu Dhabi's environmental agenda.

Priorities will include the reduction of single use plastics on flights, conservation of biodiversity via awareness campaigns and inflight entertainment screenings, and also the assessment of carbon emission offsets.

Xiamen Airlines introduces biodegradable cabin products

Xiamen Airlines introduced (01-Oct-2020) bamboo degradable cabin products such as cups, trays, tissues and cleaning bags from 01-Oct-2020. [more - original PR - Chinese]

Original report: 厦航“云端竹园”绿色客舱产品国庆全面上线

试想过竹子制的全套飞机客舱用品吗?10月1日起,厦门航空把竹园“搬”上了万米高空,将在厦门、福州、泉州、天津始发至上海、北京、广州、深圳航班正式上线“云端竹园”绿色客舱用品,包括竹浆纸杯、竹浆餐盒、竹浆纸巾、竹浆清洁袋、竹浆礼遇袋、竹浆杯垫等系列全套用品,这也是厦航献给祖国71周年华诞的一份特殊礼物。作为国内首家把全系列竹浆用品引入客舱的航司,厦航希望为更广大的旅客带来更加健康、天然、优质的出行体验。

厦航“云端竹园”全套客舱用品设计简约大方,可在自然界的条件下完全降解,最终生成二氧化碳和水,降解后对环境无任何污染,符合欧美食品级检测标准。这些本色的竹浆用品,使用原料取自于可再生性强、生长周期短的慈竹。由于竹纤维较之阔叶木纤维更长更韧,用此款竹浆生产出的用品具有天然抑菌、韧性强、湿水不易破、吸水吸油性强等优质特性,更有生态效应。

可能有的人会问,竹浆纸不也需要消耗树木吗?有别于一般的木浆纸,慈竹三年便可成材,成材后年年可伐,无须复植、兀自生长,且合理的砍伐反倒能促进竹林的良性成长,仰仗竹农多年的砍伐经验,可以做到伐老竹留新竹,让山林始终郁郁葱葱,能从根本上防止土壤沙化和水土流失。据统计,厦航这套绿色客舱用品每年能节约20年树龄树木31290棵,按一亩地平均33.3棵树计算,相当于一年增加939余亩林园。

其实早在2018年3月,厦航就将机上使用的纸品全部更换为更加安全舒适的环保型竹浆纸,收到了许多旅客的好评反馈。有了这个经验,虽然原本的机上一次性塑料杯也属可降解材料,但厦航仍在不断探索更多用品的绿色升级可能性。然而杯子不比纸巾,竹浆纸杯的造价成本、安全性等方面,存在诸多困难,使用纸杯服务的航司实属不多。为了客舱用品顺利开发上线,厦航研发团队多次实地走访调研供应链和生产线,最终确保所有原料属于100%食品级、全原生竹源,生产过程无添加任何荧光剂、漂白剂。

据悉,自2017年起,厦航便与联合国签约,成为支持联合国可持续发展目标的航空公司,双方合作期也已正式延长至2030年,与可持续发展目标收官之年同步。依托“联合梦想号”可持续发展主题特殊涂装飞机,厦航已陆续推出了“青年与地球”“我们在行动”“清洁海洋”“ACT NOW,-C行动”等多期主题航班活动。厦航此次推出绿色客舱系列用品,通过一张纸巾、一个纸杯、一个纸袋、一个餐盒,经由与旅客的每个触点,带动更多人从生活日常中践行环境保护。后续,系列客舱用品还将逐步上线至厦航所有国内航线,带给更多旅客绿色健康的乘机体验。

Emirates Airline further utilises biofuel for crew transportation in Dubai

Emirates Airline announced (01-Oct-2020) a contracted service provider, Al Wegdaniyah, plans to operate all road trips with biodiesel from Neutral Fuels. Consequently, nearly a third of Emirates' dedicated fleet of transport buses for cabin crew in Dubai will operate with biofuel.

Emirates is working with other transport suppliers as regards this biofuels initiative, and is also trialling electric buses for the transportation of crew between the Dubai International Airport terminal and aircraft. [more - original PR]

Original report: Emirates starts on greener road journeys for crew in Dubai

Emirates has revealed that nearly a third of its dedicated fleet of transport buses for cabin crew in Dubai will now operate on biofuel, taking another step forward on its environmental mission to reduce emissions.

The airline’s contracted service provider, Al Wegdaniyah, has committed to operating all road trips with biodiesel provided by Neutral Fuels, one of the UAE’s leading producers of biofuels, utilising locally-sourced, used cooking oil as feedstock.

Emirates commissions a fleet of nearly four dozen buses in Dubai alone, to safely shuttle its cabin crew between their homes and the workplace, clocking an average of 700,000 kilometres in a normal month. Similar to operations in the air, route and schedule planning for ground transport is also an important aspect to maximise transport efficiency and reduce emissions.

The estimated carbon dioxide savings from this initiative alone is 75,000 kg annually, and the airline continues to work with its other transport suppliers to extend this initiative across the transport fleet.

Karl W. Feilder, CEO of Neutral Fuels congratulated Emirates and Al Wegdaniyah for the initiative, pointing out that it is in line with the energy-related sustainability goals that the UAE has committed to achieve by 2050. Using biofuel reduces greenhouse gases and other pollutants, and the change can be easily made because switching from fossil fuel to biofuel requires no modification to diesel engines. It has a positive effect on engines because its lubricating properties help prevent premature wear and failure, and it even acts as a detergent in fuel systems, removing sludge deposits which improves efficiency and reduces maintenance costs.

In addition, Emirates is also currently trialling the use of electric buses airside at Dubai International airport, to transport its crew between the terminal and aircraft.

Over the years, the airline has invested in electric vehicles for its on-ground operations where feasible. For instance, at its state-of-the-art Emirates Engineering Centre in Dubai, which comprises a complex of hangars, workshops, material stores and offices, over 130 electric buggies and 80 electric material handling vehicles including forklifts, are being utilised for day-to-day operations.

Emirates is committed to environmental stewardship, focusing its ongoing efforts in three main areas: emissions reduction, responsible consumption, and the preservation of wildlife and habitats.

Emirates has a comprehensive fuel efficiency programme that actively investigates and implements ways to reduce unnecessary fuel burn and emissions wherever it is operationally feasible, whether in the air or on the ground.

Operating modern and fuel-efficient aircraft has been central to Emirates’ business model from the airline’s inception. This ongoing, multi-billion dollar investment, is Emirates’ biggest commitment - not only to passenger comfort, but also to reducing our environmental impact.

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