Hainan Airlines Group (HNA)
- Corporate Address
- Hainan Airlines Co. Ltd. HNA PLAZA, No.7 Guoxing Road , Haikou City, Hainan Province, 570203, P.R. China
- Air Changan
Beijing Capital Airlines
China Xinhua Airlines
Guangxi Beibu Gulf Airlines
Hong Kong Airlines
Yangtze River Airlines
Hainan Airlines Group (HNA) is a large privately-owned airline group based in Hainan, China. Originally founded in 1989, Hainan Airlines is part of Chinese conglomerate HNA Group, and together with its affiliates the Hainan Airlines Group operates an extensive network of domestic and international services from its main hub at Haikou Meilan International Airport.
The Hainan Airlines Group is headquartered in Haikou City, Hainan and is listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE: 600221). Members of the Hainan Airlines Group include:
- Hainan Airlines (since 1989)
- Air Changan
- Lucky Air (since 2004)
- Tianjin Airlines (through Grand China Airlines Holding Company, since 2004)
- Hong Kong Airlines (since 2006)
- Beijing Capital Airlines (since May-2010)
- China Xinhua Airlines (wholly-owned since 2011)
- Fuzhou Airlines (since Oct-2014)
- Guangxi Beibu Gulf Airlines (since Feb-2015)
- West Air
- Shanxi Airlines
- HK Express
- Urumqi Air
- Deer Jet
- Azul (Aug-2016)
Other affiliates include:
- Yangzte River Express (since Jan-2003)
Hainan Airlines share price
263 total articles
A period of restructuring following investment by new shareholders in TAP Portugal in Nov-2015 has led to a resurgent airline. It returned to profit in 2016 after two years of losses and enjoyed a surge in passenger numbers in 4Q2016.
The investment by the Atlantic Gateway Consortium, which HNA Group will formally join in 1H2017, provided funds for fleet expansion. TAP's orders include A321neoLR aircraft, giving it the potential to open new long haul routes not possible with widebodies.
TAP's VP finance, Teresa Lopes, told the CAPA Fleet & Finance Summit on 2-Mar-2017 that the A321neoLR would be deployed on the Atlantic, putting the airline at the forefront of narrowbody long haul operations. TAP's new shareholders have also enabled new partnerships with Brazil's Azul, JetBlue of the US and China's Hainan Airlines. The TAP-Azul relationship has already progressed beyond codeshare and the Hainan relationship offers much potential.
In the past year TAP has also reorganised its regional operation, launched a new fare structure and embarked on a seat densification programme to lower unit cost and drive revenue. As Ms Lopes said, "We are certainly going through a transformation, we don’t want to be envisioned as a legacy carrier anymore".
"A truly remarkable lineup of airlines"; over 50 executives at CAPA's Airline Fleet & Finance Summit
CAPA’s Airline Fleet & Finance Summit will be attended by "A truly remarkable lineup of airlines" from all continents of the globe, represented by their senior finance officers.
First time attendees at the event include Air Tahiti, euroAtlantic Airways, Pakistan International Airlines, Saudia, TAAG and start-up flymojo.
They are joined by AirAsia's Group Head of Strategy, the Deputy Chief Executive Officer & Chief Financial Officer of Asia Aviation Capital Limited, the Vice President, Fleet & Corporate Finance of Allegiant, Cebu Pacific's Director, Corporate Finance & Investor Relations, China Eastern's General Manager of CEA International Financial Leasing Corporation Limited, KLM's Director Group Treasury, Malaysia Airlines' Group CEO, Finnair's CFO, IndiGo's Director - Aircraft Acquisition and Financing and many others.
Together with 15 stand-alone presentations from airline CFO/treasury/finance heads outlining their fleet and financing plans + over 50 airline representatives attending the unique CAPA Fleet Marketplace – the CAPA Airline Fleet & Finance Summit (2/3-Mar, Singapore) at Capella Sentosa is not to be missed.
As Cathay Pacific is being forced to undergo a competitive metamorphosis it is exploring all options. The latest example is an expected announcement of a new Cathay Pacific route from Hong Kong to Christchurch in New Zealand's South Island. The service is expected to be seasonal (for the New Zealand summer), and is only Cathay's second seasonal long haul route after the Jan-2017 announcement of northern summer service to Barcelona.
New Zealand is a small network component for Cathay but one of its last strongholds, due to a joint venture with Air New Zealand. The New Zealand government reluctantly extended approval for the JV despite Cathay and Air NZ reneging on an offer to use it to link Hong Kong with Christchurch, as well as Auckland. This would thereby have extended the JV to benefit more of New Zealand – a sensitive local matter based on the assertion that Auckland was receiving disproportionate air service benefit.
Air NZ's JV with Cathay arch rival Singapore Airlines has resulted in SIA growing its presence in Christchurch. Cathay has been more frugal, and the NZ government determined that although the JV reduced competition, there was no prospective third competitor, so no harm done.
But now that Hong Kong Airlines has entered Auckland, and then expanded, the Cathay-Air NZ JV faces disbanding. By finally committing to a Christchurch route Cathay appears to be bidding to keep the JV in play. But the New Zealand government will still probably withdraw approval of the Air NZ-Cathay JV.
The most important regulatory development in Chinese aviation in 2016 – and possibly one of the top for the decade – was awarding China Eastern Airlines home carrier status for Beijing's second airport, Beijing Daxing, due to open in 2019. There are usually few surprises in Chinese aviation: if word does not leak out, it is softly dripped. But few expected that China would award China Eastern in this way. China Eastern is due to become the only Chinese airline with dual home hubs in Beijing and Shanghai, granting a remarkable advantage.
Rather than allow airlines to operate from both airports, Air China and its Star Alliance partners will remain at their existing Beijing Capital hub and benefit from significant slot growth. China Eastern, China Southern (which was also named base carrier at Daxing) and SkyTeam partners will gradually move to the new Beijing Daxing.
Yet this move, expected to be backed by added traffic rights, risks the two airports competing with each other rather than singularly growing the Beijing hub, which has better geography as a connecting point for Europe and North America. China Eastern may indirectly receive a second victory: fragmenting Beijing adds relative strength to China Eastern's hub at Shanghai, where it is the only intercontinental home airline. China can make sweeping policy changes, but until then China Eastern's advantage is undeniable.
Chinese New Year air traffic a boon to airlines but reflects challenges of year-round sustainability
The Chinese New Year travel season, billed as the world's largest migration, once again fills the headlines with astounding numbers of passenger movements. Some airlines set maximums on pricing, for fear of being seen as price gouging if revenue management systems followed their normal pricing curve upwards.
Even the most sceptical investors would be forgiving for contemplating airline ownership during the travel rush. The question, and lurking problem, is what happens the rest of the year.
China's concentrated and en masse travel periods present a challenge for sustainability. Airlines local and foreign are often reduced to hoping that routes will be annually profitable based on a few weeks of travel during Chinese New Year, the brief summer peak, and the autumn holidays. With load factors consistently high, yields are weakened, either on point-to-point traffic or as Chinese airlines aggressively discount connecting/transfer traffic.
On a volume basis, international traffic remains strong, expanding by an estimated 9.3 million passengers in 2016 for 22% growth. Chinese airlines continue to pivot to the international market, and Air China now has more capacity internationally than domestically.
China has agreed to liberalise passenger flights and remove capacity restrictions with Australia, its largest outbound long haul market after the United States. This is a relief to Chinese airlines, which face bilateral constraints in North America and Europe. The result is already evident as Chinese airlines deploy more capacity and larger aircraft to Australia.
In North American and European markets the local governments hold back on traffic right expansion (let alone open skies). But for Australia it was the Australian government, which signalled some years ago that it wanted to liberalise once China was ready – a time that has now come.
Australia's view was progressive and detached from bygone days of national carrier interest; Chinese airlines hold 90% of the market to Australia. Elsewhere many governments still hold back on Chinese traffic right expansion so their local airlines can continue to grow. There are 15 Chinese airports that have nonstop flights to Australia with a total of 27 airport pairs – figures that should expand in 2017 as the market evolves further with the Virgin Australia-HNA partnership.