Greece received (18-May-2010) a EUR14.5 billion loan from the European Commission via the European Central Bank (ECB) under its three-year economic and financial policy programme. The loan is comprised of contributions from 10 European countries. Combined with the EUR5.5 billion received from the International Monetary Fund earlier this week, this makes up the first tranche of the EUR110 billion support package Greece has agreed to with its European partners, the ECB and the IMF. These disbursements cover the immediate and short-term financing needs of the Hellenic Republic. [more - Greek Finance Ministry] [more - European Commission]
Greece given EUR14.5bn EC loan
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Jet2.com: growth mainly in Spain and Manchester. Overcapacity an issue, and competition strong
The strongly seasonal nature of Jet2.com's schedule and the financial performance of the airline and its parent Dart Group were examined in a Jul-2016 analysis report by CAPA. That report also noted that all of the increase in passenger numbers since the year to Mar-2013 was attributable to traffic booked via Dart Group's package holidays business – Jet2holidays.com.
This report looks in some detail at Jet2.com's network and how it has changed in the three years since summer 2013.
Over the past three years Jet2.com has increased its peak summer weekly seat capacity by one third. By airport, the biggest share of this incremental capacity has been at Manchester. By destination, the lion's share of its growth has been to Spain, where there is now a capacity glut. Its markets have become increasingly competitive – not only due to other LCCs, but also because of the growth of airlines owned by integrated leisure groups such as TUI and Thomas Cook.
Lufthansa and Etihad: equity tie up could further align mutual strategy, but marriage unlikely
Greater cooperation between Lufthansa and Etihad reflects their local and global challenges growing in quantity and complexity. Contact between the two has led to speculation that the partnership could radically expand to include an equity tie up, with rumoured merger talks.
Their initial Dec-2016 codeshare announcement was, in practical terms, small but showed the possibility, as they stated, to expand cooperation. However, it would be a leap to go from their handful of codeshares to a 17-Jan-2017 article from Italian daily newspaper Il Messaggero that Etihad could invest in Lufthansa on the way to a possible merger between the two. A subsequent denial in a Reuters story that "A financial stake is out of the question at the moment", does little to dispel the rumour. Were it not for the last three words of that statement the rumour would lack credibility.
There is certainly logic for a deeper partnership - and the two have danced this waltz before. Equity involvement from airlines can cement partnerships, add to board influence and partially allow one side to gain financially from any matter it feels it is compromising away. Nevertheless, there are obstacles to a full blown merger, and even to Etihad's taking a 30% to 40% stake. A marriage between the new bedfellows does not seem an immediate prospect. Nonetheless the logic is there for a move; and the mere fact of a potential move is sufficient to rock the equilibrium.