Papua New Guinea
Beset by a lack of land-based transportation infrastructure, due to its mountainous terrain, Papua New Guinea relies heavily on air travel as the single most important form of transporting human and freight cargo. The capital, Port Moresby, is not linked to any other major centre by road and access to remote villages necessitates air travel. About 2000 airstrips have been cut out of the bush or into hill tops and coral islands during the last 80 years and the aeroplane has become symbolic of the way technology has intruded so successfully into what was a loose collection of hunter-gatherer societies. PNG is richly endowed with natural resources and the resources sector provides significant demand for domestic air travel. For a long time, the nation’s flag carrier Air Niugini monopolised most air travel in the country, however, with deregulation, new private entrants to the market have increased competition and pushed down fares. The aviation sector in PNG is controlled by the Civil Aviation Authority of Papua New Guinea.
The national carrier of Papua New Guinea is the wholly government owned Air Niugini (IATA: PX), which is based at Jacksons International Airport, Port Morseby and operates both domestic and international services to Asia, Australia and Oceania.
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