Malaysia Airlines poised for solid year after “encouraging” first quarter


Stronger demand and rising load factors should deliver an earnings turnaround for Malaysia Airlines (MAS) in 2010, although the outlook is not without risks. The Group recorded an operating profit of RM289.5 million in 1Q2010 ended 31-Mar-2010, "mainly due to the increase in other operating income as a result of A380 compensation, as well as improvement in passenger and cargo traffic demand". 'Other operating income' surged MYR354 million (USD110 million) from the same period last year, reflecting the A380 compensation. Without it, MAS would have been in the red again, as its expenses exceeded revenues by around MYR100,000 (USD32,000).

  • Malaysia Airlines (MAS) recorded an operating profit of RM289.5 million in 1Q2010, mainly due to increased demand and A380 compensation.
  • MAS earned a net profit of MYR310 million in the first quarter, a significant improvement from the previous year.
  • Revenue increased by 21% in 1Q2010, driven by economic recovery and a surge in traffic.
  • MAS experienced a 29% increase in international passenger traffic and a 31% growth in freight traffic.
  • International load factors soared, pushing systemwide load factors up by almost 20 percentage points to around 75%.
  • MAS remains optimistic about growth prospects, with a strong cash position and positive forward bookings, but volatile fuel prices and the global economic recovery pose challenges.

The carrier earned a net profit of MYR310 million (USD96 million) for the first quarter - a swing of more than MYR1 billion compared to the same period last year, boosted by a MYR56 million derivatives gain. (The 1Q2009 result included a significant MYR557 million (USD173 million) loss).

Malaysia Airlines operating profit margin and net profit margin: 1Q2009 to 1Q2010

Revenue increased by 21% to RM3.3 billion "on the back of the economic recovery", which boosted the airline's traffic by 29%. MASkargo's freight traffic saw an upswing of 31%, leading to a 53% increase in revenue to RM456 million from RM298 million in 1Q2009. The international passenger market performed well for MAS, as it held capacity down by 5.1% but experienced a 29% surge in RPKs.

Malaysia Airlines RPK growth, ASK growth and pax number growth: 1Q2010

As a result, international load factors soared, pushing systemwide load factors up by almost 20 ppts to around 75%.

Malaysia Airlines passenger load factor: 1Q2008 to 1Q2010

MAS encouraged by first quarter, but fuel volatility of concern

Managing Director and CEO, Tengku Dato' Azmil Zahruddin stated it was an "encouraging quarter", adding the airline "increased frequencies to key destinations, launched direct flights as well as introduced a new destination (Dammam)".

Azmil added, "we are also delighted to see the revival of the front end traffic with the return of business class passengers. We will continue to work on improving our yield". See related report: Worldwide premium air traffic recovering, but still 15% below pre-recession levels

Outlook: In growth mode again

Azmil remained optimistic about MAS' growth prospects, stating "we have completed our rights issue and are in a stronger position, with close to MYR3.2 billion in cash and negotiable instruments of deposit. Our shareholders' equity is also strong at MYR3.7 billion. Forward bookings are positive. We are working closely with the travel trade and pushing sales through our website to capitalise on the increase in demand. We are seeing robust growth for our online bookings. MASkargo is also powering ahead to capitalise on the strong global demand especially in China".

The airline will start receiving its new fleet of B737-800s in Oct-2010 and will add three leased B737-800s this year to "add capacity to key destinations and meet the demand in customer uptake".

But volatile fuel prices and the global economic recovery (particularly China's performance) loom as the major challenges for MAS in the achievement of its targets.

MAS noted that the first quarter performance was impacted by the fuel price, "which has increased in tandem with the economic recovery". Fuel prices are now deflating rapidly as concerns grow about European sovereign debt and China's property bubble. But MAS has largely locked in higher prices and is 60% hedged at USD100/bbl for 2010 and 40% hedged at USD100/bbl for 2011.

Azmil concluded, "We are well positioned to capitalise on the economic recovery. Barring the high fuel prices, we are optimistic of a better year in 2010."

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