- CAPA Analysis
- Schedule Analysis
- Cargo Analysis
- Route Maps
- Fast Fact Report
- IATA Code
- ICAO Code
- Main hub
- Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
- Business model
- Low Cost Carrier
- Domestic | International
- Airline Group
- Part of AirAsia Group
- Association Membership
- Indonesian National Air Carriers Association (INACA)
Indonesia AirAsia is a low cost carrier based at Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. The airline is a JV between Malaysian LCC AirAsia (49%) and PT Fersindo Nusaperkasa (51%). Indonesia AirAsia operates a fleet of Airbus A320 aircraft both domestically and internationally to destinations in South East Asia and Australia.
Location of Indonesia AirAsia main hub (Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport)
LCCs will continue to evolve into hybrids of the original core model. CAPA and OAG consider Indonesia AirAsia fits the LCC profile and it is included in our reporting on this basis. Please note: when reporting for an airline is changed from or to LCC the historical data is not affected and it can lead to a distortion in the current reported data. Contact us if you have any queries.
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Long-haul low-cost start-up Indonesia AirAsia X (IAAX) has adjusted its fleet expansion plan for 2015 and 2016 in response to unexpected regulatory challenges. IAAX has finally secured approvals to serve Australia, which it now plans to launch on 18-Mar-2015, but is still seeking to secure approvals from Japan and South Korea while new regulations in Indonesia also pose a potential roadblock.
IAAX initially planned to commence operations in Dec-2014 on the Bali-Melbourne route. An unexpected last second setback from the Australian regulator forced IAAX to postpone the Melbourne launch by three months.
IAAX ended up shifting gears and commenced operations in Jan-2015 with services to Taiwan, which has a more favourable regulatory environment. But the carrier has since been operating only one weekly flight to Taipei, resulting in an extremely low utilisation rate for its initial fleet of two 377-seat A330-300s. IAAX is now planning to add only one aircraft 2015 and one more aircraft in 2016 although this could change if the regulatory environment becomes more favourable.
Garuda Indonesia budget subsidiary Citilink has further delayed the launch of scheduled international services as it focuses on its goal of achieving its first annual profit in 2015. Citilink will instead pursue less risky domestic expansion in 2015 and has begun operating seasonal international charters during periods of weak domestic demand.
Citilink has been the fastest expanding airline in Indonesia over the past four years as it has pursued strategic growth in an attempt to close the gap with rival Lion. Citilink accounted for about 14% of passenger traffic among Indonesian LCCs in 2015 compared to less than 4% in 2010.
But Citilink’s rate of expansion is slowing as it starts to focus more on profitability. Citilink was in the black for the first time in 2H2014 and is confident it can be profitable for the full year in CY2015.
AirAsia nears 50 million annual passenger/200 aircraft milestones, having transformed Asian aviation
AirAsia ended 2014 having carried about 50 million annual passengers and with a fleet of nearly 200 aircraft across its portfolio of eight airlines. Nearly 280 million passengers have flown on AirAsia since its launch at the end of 2001.
AirAsia has had perhaps the most remarkable run by any airline in history and almost single-handedly shaken up Asia’s aviation industry. The LCC penetration rate within Southeast Asia is now nearly 60% compared to near zero in 2001.
AirAsia becomes the first airline brand in Asia outside China to carry 50 million passengers in a year. As a yardstick of its global scale, only 10 airline brands globally are currently in the 50 million passenger club.
Garuda Indonesia is reducing capacity across its medium and long-haul networks as the airline group increases its focus on the domestic market. Garuda has now made multiple adjustments to its international expansion plan, which has proven to be overly ambitious.
Capacity to Australia and Japan, Garuda’s two largest international markets after Singapore, is being cut as part of a restructuring of its unprofitable international operations. The cuts are a sensible response to overcapacity and intensifying competition but leave an opening for competitors, particularly long-haul low-cost start-up Indonesia AirAsia X.
Garuda will likely allocate almost all of its additional capacity in 2015 to the domestic market. The domestic expansion is partly strategic as Garuda responds to the rapid expansion of Lion Group full service subsidiary Batik Air.
Regulation of Indonesia’s airline sector is becoming more stringent as the government introduces a new floor price which will force carriers to stop selling heavily discounted fares. The new measure is an unfortunate knee jerk response that will purely have a commercial impact on airlines. Ostensibly a safety related move, it can only have a counterproductive effect in that regard.
The Indonesia’s airline sector is already over-regulated with unnecessary and impractical rules governing fares and splitting airlines into categories. Indonesia should be deregulating its vibrant industry and instead focus on upgrading infrastructure to facilitate future growth and meet global standards.
Indonesia’s domestic market has nearly doubled in size over the past five years and prospects for long-term growth remain bright. But growth slowed in 2014 as most airlines became unprofitable. This is hardly the time for new regulations that meddle in commercial matters and have nothing to do with operations or safety.
Indonesia AirAsia, Philippines AirAsia and new India and Japan joint ventures. The next stage begins
Part 2 of this report on the financial results of the AirAsia Group for 2Q2014 covered the – probably temporary – decline in fortunes for AirAsia's first and largest affilliate, Thai AirAsia.
Part 3 now examines the results on the outlook for the other affiliaties of the now-sprawling AirAsia group in other markets. As competition among LCCs grows in Asia, AirAsia is reaching the stage where its geographic market power can offer a unique strength. But it is not all plain sailing.
Indonesia AirAsia represents the group in that national market, where Bali/Denpasar is to become a transfer hub for Indonesia Air Asia and long-haul local JV Indonesia AirAsia X. Indonesia AirAsia is already Indonesia's largest international airline (by seats), but domestically the market competition has been intense, now partly diminished by the recent withdrawal of two competitors. Meanwhile, Philippines AirAsia has a more challenging path in what is a strenuously contested market.
As AirAsia ventures into India with AirAsia India and renews its presence in Japan's market with AirAsia Japan, the group will need its southeast Asian affiliates to maintain profitability.