- CAPA Analysis
- Schedule Analysis
- Cargo Analysis
- Route Maps
- Print Summary
- IATA Code
- ICAO Code
- Main hub
- Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
- Business model
- Low Cost Carrier
- Domestic | International
- Airline Group
- Part of AirAsia Group
- Association Membership
- Indonesian National Air Carriers Association (INACA)
Indonesia AirAsia is a low cost carrier based at Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. The airline is a JV between Malaysian LCC AirAsia (49%) and local interests. Indonesia AirAsia operates a fleet of Airbus A320 aircraft to destinations across Indonesia, and international services from Indonesia to destinations in Australia and South East Asia.
Location of Indonesia AirAsia main hub (Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport)
LCCs will continue to evolve into hybrids of the original core model. CAPA and OAG consider Indonesia AirAsia fits the LCC profile and it is included in our reporting on this basis. Please note: when reporting for an airline is changed from or to LCC the historical data is not affected and it can lead to a distortion in the current reported data. Contact us if you have any queries.
270 total articles
53 total articles
Jakarta-Singapore capacity has quickly dropped by over 20%, led by adjustments at LCC groups Tigerair and AirAsia. The declines reverse capacity increases from 2013, when a breakthrough in the Indonesia-Singapore bilateral led to a surge in capacity.
Jakarta-Singapore is the second largest international city pair route in the world but supply in late 2013 and 1H2014 far exceeded demand. As a result it emerged as one of the most obvious examples of overcapacity in the Southeast Asian market.
Airlines were overly ambitious and aggressive in applying for and using newly available traffic rights. Recent adjustments have brought much needed rationality to the market but capacity could start being added back, again putting pressure on yields and load factors.
Tigerair Mandala has announced it is suspending operations from 1-Jul-2014, bringing to a close Singapore-based Tigerair Group’s highly unprofitable foray into other Southeast Asian markets. Tigerair is now turning its focus to its original Singapore operation, which has a stronger position and outlook but also faces short-term challenges.
Tigerair Mandala has struggled since its Apr-2012 launch and had a weak outlook given its small size and lack of scale. Mandala’s demise was inevitable after its two main investors decided against recapitalising the carrier and failed to find a buyer.
Mandala was by far the smallest of Indonesia’s four low-cost players. It becomes the fourth Indonesian carrier but the first Indonesian LCC to suspend operations since the beginning of 2013.
Short-haul LCC group AirAsia has reported a sharp drop in profits for 1Q2014, including for its original subsidiary in Malaysia. Long-haul sister group AirAsia X meanwhile swung to a loss in 1Q2014 despite strong traffic growth and load factor improvement as yields in the Malaysian market deteriorated.
AirAsia has made another downward adjustment to its fleet plan, removing six aircraft from its 2014 fleet through aircraft sales. This brings the total reductions for 2014 to 19 aircraft when including the six sales and seven deferrals announced in Feb-2014. The group also expects to defer another seven aircraft in 2015, adding to the 12 deferrals announced earlier and leaving it with a mere 10 deliveries next year.
The new adjustments, which also include deferrals for 2016 to 2018, are understandable given the challenging market conditions. But they may prove to be a step too far, particularly if the pending restructuring at Malaysia Airlines (MAS) proves to be significant, providing AirAsia an opportunity to accelerate growth and improve yields in its home market.
Lion Air has an opportunity to win back market share in Indonesia’s dynamic low-cost sector as competitors slow their expansion and in some cases reduce capacity. Lion in 2013 recorded the lowest rate of traffic growth among Indonesia’s four LCCs as its share of the Indonesian LCC market dropped from over 78% in 2012 to about 71%.
Indonesia AirAsia, Garuda Indonesia budget subsidiary Citilink and Tigerair Mandala all gained market share as they expanded more rapidly than Lion, albeit from much smaller bases. But Indonesia AirAsia and to a lesser extent Citilink are slowing expansion in 2014 while Tigerair Mandala has cut capacity.
Lion also has quietly slowed its growth by retiring 737 Classics and switching 737-900ER orders to smaller 737-800s. But Lion has not followed rival LCC groups AirAsia and Tigerair in deferring or cancelling orders. The group will account for about three quarters of the aircraft being delivered to Indonesia’s LCC sector in 2014, putting it in position to make market share gains.
As Kuala Lumpur's rapid LCC-driven traffic expands, AirAsia has unveiled plans for further expansion at Senai International Airport in the southern Malaysian state of Johor, just across the Causeway from neighbouring Singapore. The LCC group plans to add three international routes from Senai in Jun-2014, giving it six international routes, including five to Indonesia. AirAsia also recently launched its eighth domestic route at Senai.
Senai was the fastest growing airport in Malaysia in 2013 and one of the fastest-growing in Asia, with 44% growth, but off a low base, to 2 million passengers. Senai traffic grew by another 36% in 1Q2014 to 550,000 passengers. AirAsia, which currently accounts for about two thirds of total capacity at Senai, has been the main driver.
While Johor has its own fast-growing market, driven by rapid economic development in the state, it offers competition to some extent with nearby Singapore. The three new international routes at Senai for AirAsia, including two to Indonesia and one to Vietnam, come as the LCC group once again faces roadblocks in expanding its Singapore-Indonesia operation.
Southeast Asia’s low-cost carrier fleet is still projected to increase by nearly 20% in 2014 despite a recent spate of delivery deferrals and suspensions of expansion. The region’s LCC fleet also grew by about 20% in 2013, creating overcapacity in several Southeast Asian markets and leading to the current pressure on yields and load factors.
The AirAsia Group has made the right move in slowing down expansion by deferring deliveries and selling aircraft. Tigerair Mandala and Jetstar Asia also have decided to take at least a one-year hiatus from expanding their fleets. More Southeast Asian LCCs, including potentially the Lion Air Group, need to make similar adjustments for market conditions to improve.
Southeast Asia is still a market with huge opportunities for further LCC growth. But LCC capacity expansion has started to outstrip supply, perhaps necessitating a pause for breathing space.