- CAPA Analysis
- Schedule Analysis
- Cargo Analysis
- Route Maps
- Fast Fact Report
- IATA Code
- ICAO Code
- Corporate Address
- Jl. Gadjah Mada No.7, Jakpus, Jakarta Raya, Indonesia
- Main hub
- Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport
- Business model
- Low Cost Carrier
- Domestic | International
- Airline Group
- Part of Lion Group
- Association Membership
- Indonesian National Air Carriers Association (INACA)
Lion Air is an Indonesian hybrid airline based at Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. Commencing operations in 2000 and based in Jakarta, Lion Air is the largest privately-owned airline in Indonesia. The carrier operates a network of scheduled passenger services throughout South East Asia and the Middle East.
Location of Lion Air main hub (Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport)
LCCs will continue to evolve into hybrids of the original core model. CAPA and OAG consider Lion Air fits the LCC profile and it is included in our reporting on this basis. Please note: when reporting for an airline is changed from or to LCC the historical data is not affected and it can lead to a distortion in the current reported data. Contact us if you have any queries.
464 total articles
80 total articles
The Lion Air Group has started to slow its capacity expansion in the intensely competitive Southeast Asian market, joining competitors in adjusting fleet plans in response to overcapacity and challenging market conditions.
The group, which consists of five airlines in three Southeast Asian countries, was initially planning to add at least 32 aircraft in 2H2014. An adjustment of three to six aircraft has been pursued by using its leasing subsidiary to start placing aircraft outside the group. Lion also has fallen behind its 3Q2014 target by several aircraft but at least for now expects to make it up in 4Q2014.
The group will again not end up placing in Southeast Asia all 60 aircraft slated for delivery in 2015 as its leasing subsidiary Transportation Partners further ramps up third party activity. But Lion is still on track to expand its fleet at a much faster rate than rival groups, enabling it to overtake or widen the gap with competitors.
Southeast Asian airlines have faced extremely challenging market conditions in 2014, resulting in an alarming amount of red ink. Of the 17 airlines in Southeast Asia that report earnings only four posted operating profits in 1H2014 compared to 12 in 1H2013.
Among the nearly 50 airlines based in Southeast Asia, excluding small regional and charter operators, approximately 80% were not profitable in 1H2014. Losses are likely to continue through at least 3Q2014 but there are indications market conditions will start to improve by 4Q2014 or 1H2015.
Several Southeast Asian airlines have responded to overcapacity by and cutting capacity or slowing their expansion. Markets that have seen political and economic instability are also starting to stabilise.
Garuda Indonesia budget subsidiary Citilink is focusing on further expanding in the domestic market, particularly at the capital as slots open up at both Jakarta airports. Citilink is adding seven A320s in 2H2014 but only five aircraft in 2015, nearly all of which will be allocated for domestic expansion.
Citilink is currently entirely a domestic carrier as its initial foray into the international market in Mar-2014, with a route from Surabaya to Johor Bahru in southern Malaysia, was pulled after only one month. Citilink still plans to pursue international expansion, including to Singapore and Australia, but the focus over at least the next year will be on capitalising on domestic opportunities brought about by consolidation in the dynamic Indonesian airline sector.
Citilink also has slowed fleet expansion by deferring 11 A320 deliveries that were originally slated for 2014 and 2015. This is a sensible move given the market conditions but makes it more difficult to pursue meaningful international expansion.
Lion Air Group Malaysian affiliate Malindo Air is planning to add capacity to India and Thailand in 4Q2014 as part of the next phase of its international expansion. Services to North Asia including mainland China are expected to be launched in 2015 as part of a subsequent phase.
Malindo has been focusing on Bangladesh, India and Indonesia since it launched international services just under a year ago. Malindo also now serves Bangkok in Thailand.
Malindo so far this year has concentrated on domestic turboprop expansion but will resume growing its international operation in 4Q2014 as it adds two 737-900ERs. The two aircraft will be Malindo’s first additional jets in over a year and will likely be followed by faster expansion of the 737 fleet in 2015. This is the second of a two part report on Lion Group's Malindo.
Lion Air Group’s pace of expansion is about to accelerate as it takes delivery of its first A320 and increases its 737 delivery rate. The group plans to add over 30 aircraft in 2H2014 as it increases its overall average monthly intake from three to five aircraft – a rate it will maintain in 2015, resulting in a staggering 60 deliveries next year.
At the same time AirAsia Group is slowing its fleet expansion, particularly in the Southeast Asia market. AirAsia is growing its Southeast Asian fleet by only six aircraft in 2H2014 and may not add any aircraft in 2015 as the focus will be on spooling up new affiliates in India and Japan.
If Lion does not follow AirAsia in slowing down growth in Southeast Asia it will quickly shoot past AirAsia. There is a risk market share gains will come at the expense of yields and profitability as several Southeast Asian markets are already suffering from overcapacity - but there is a larger strategic game being played out now.
Jakarta-Singapore capacity has quickly dropped by over 20%, led by adjustments at LCC groups Tigerair and AirAsia. The declines reverse capacity increases from 2013, when a breakthrough in the Indonesia-Singapore bilateral led to a surge in capacity.
Jakarta-Singapore is the second largest international city pair route in the world but supply in late 2013 and 1H2014 far exceeded demand. As a result it emerged as one of the most obvious examples of overcapacity in the Southeast Asian market.
Airlines were overly ambitious and aggressive in applying for and using newly available traffic rights. Recent adjustments have brought much needed rationality to the market but capacity could start being added back, again putting pressure on yields and load factors.