B&H Airlines is the national carrier of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is based at Sarajevo International Airport. B&H operates scheduled service to destinations in Western Europe, Scandinavia and Eastern Europe.
Location of B&H Airlines main hub (Sarajevo Butmir International Airport)
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Montenegro’s small aviation market has been witness to some interesting developments since the Jun-2013 entry of Ryanair. The Ireland-based carrier is now the sole LCC operating in Montenegro with a single route however it has expressed interest in opening up the market further. Other European LCCs will be watching Ryanair’s movements in the market.
The small Southeastern European nation of just under 14,000km2 has a population of only about 620,000. Montenegro’s 2012 GDP was USD4.231 billion, which has significantly increased since 2000 when it was USD1.707 billion, according to World Bank data. Air traffic to/from the country has increased from just under 700,000 passengers in 2005 to 1.345 million passengers in 2012.
Montenegro Airlines is the national carrier and sole scheduled operator. It currently provides around 41% of total seat capacity to/from Montenegro, according to CAPA and Innovata data. Fourteen foreign full-service carriers currently serve the country, accounting for around 58% of capacity while Ryanair, the only LCC in the market, currently contributes around 1% of seat capacity.
National carriers in countries of the former Yugoslavia are struggling to survive in the current economic environment as operating costs rise and they face competition from large network carriers and expanding low-cost carriers. The former Yugoslavian nations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia all have national airlines but are struggling to become profitable, while the national carriers of Kosovo and Macedonia have already failed and have not been revived.
Association of European Airlines (AEA) secretary general Ulrich Schulte Strathaus recently told Slovenian newspaper Dnevnik that national carriers in the former Yugoslavia need to unite into a single carrier in order to survive. Mr Strathaus stated, “the once single Yugoslav market is now fragmented and a regional solution is necessary. The region needs an airline that would cover local needs and connect with global hubs.”
The main airlines in the region are Bosnia and Herzegovina’s B&H Airlines, Croatia’s Croatia Airlines, Montenegro’s Montenegro Airlines, Serbia’s Jat Airways and Slovenia’s Adria Airways.
Turkish Airlines is one of the oldest airlines in Europe, but it is behaving these days like a young colt. With profit burgeoning to a net of USD548 million for the first three quarters of the year, up nearly threefold on last year, net operating profit also increased by 29% to USD401 million.