- Corporate Address
- Avenida Brigadeiro Faria Lima 2170
Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP 12227-901
Phone: 55 12 3927 4404
Fax: 55 12 3922 6000
Embraer - Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica SA - is based in São José dos Campos, Brazil, and was founded in 1969 as a government aerospace initiative and then privatised on 07-Dec-1994. On 31-Mar-2006 the majority of Embraer shareholders approved Embraer’s capital restructuring proposal, which consists of a simplified capital structure composed of one type of shares (common shares).
The Company focuses its activities on three business areas and markets:
- Commercial Aviation;
- Executive Aviation;
- Defense Systems.
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Panama's Copa Airlines managed to remain profitable in 2015 in what was the most challenging year that the airline had faced in decades. A contracting economy in Latin America, driven by Brazil’s crippling economic weakness, created significant challenges for all airlines operating in the region. Copa posted double digit declines in yields and passenger unit revenues for the year, which helped to erode the benefits of lower fuel costs on the airline’s profitability. Its net income plummeted nearly 49% year-on-year.
Throughout 2015 and into 2016 Copa is making capacity and fleet adjustments to combat the economic realities in Latin America. But the airline is not taking an optimistic view with its passenger unit revenue guidance for 2016, which is lower than 2015’s performance even though Copa anticipates some faint signs of stability emerging in 2H2016.
For now, it seems that all that any Latin American airline can do is attempt to reset their networks in order to diminish their exposure to the weakest areas in the region. Copa is making all the necessary moves to withstand the economic pressure, but in the short term its margins and profits will continue to fall below historical highs.
US airlines Alaska Air Group, jetBlue and Southwest are at different phases of their respective balance sheet fortification and debt management. Alaska and Southwest approach managing their debt with an eye towards maintaining the investment grade status each airline enjoys; Southwest’s status was further bolstered in 2015 with credit upgrades from both Fitch and Moody’s.
Lower fuel prices are allowing most airlines to enjoy healthy levels of free cash flow, and most of those companies believe a portion of those flows should be allotted to paying down debt, and issuing shareholder returns. JetBlue is continuing a trend of enlarging its base of unencumbered assets, which is also a focus for Alaska Air Group. Alaska believes its low leverage levels create a buffer against its competitors that are more leveraged. JetBlue, meanwhile, continues to drive down its leverage ratios significantly.
All of the work to bolster their balance sheets and achieve favourable leverage ratios results in Alaska, Southwest and jetBlue positioning themselves to brace for any weakness created by a cloud of macroeconomic uncertainty underlying demand that, for now, generally remains solid.
Canada’s largest airline Air Canada continues its march to slash unit costs even as the devaluation of the CAD against the USD creates some temporary headwinds for the company. It believes that many opportunities lie ahead to further draw down its costs including a new agreement with regional partner Jazz and the introduction of the Boeing 737 Max beginning in 2017.
The company has revised its 2015 unit cost projections excluding fuel from a 1% to 2% decline year on year to a 1% decrease, driven by several factors, including currency pressure. Absent the depreciation of the CAD, Air Canada maintains its unit cost decreases would be greater year on year for 2015.
Given its complexity, Air Canada’s cost on an absolute basis will likely never equal that of its main rival WestJet; but keeping fuel and currency costs constant, the airline remains confident of lowering its unit costs by 21% between 2012 and 2018,. Air Canada's fleet strategy and the continued favourable performance of its low cost subsidiary rouge are major components of its cost cutting strategy.
Although Latin America has suffered from challenging economic conditions throughout 2015 that are lingering into 2016, some interesting developments have occurred between Mexico and South and Central America. Mexican airline Volaris during 2015 has branched out its international offering beyond US transborder routes to Central America, and Aeromexico and Avianca have added routes between Mexico and South America.
Copa Airlines has also added two new destinations in Mexico as it redirects capacity from battered Brazil to routes whose revenue potential is more promising. Although it is facing currency weakness similar to other Latin American economies, Mexico’s economic climate is more healthy than most countries in South America.
LATAM Airlines Group is also strengthening its ties in Mexico with a new codesharing agreement with Interjet, which has a solid domestic network. The pact shows that Latin America’s second largest aviation market, Mexico, remains one of the region’s strategic areas going forward.
Alaska Air Group plans 8% capacity growth in 2015, which is lower than the roughly 10% rise the airline will post in 2015, but higher than the industry average. Higher than average capacity growth has been the norm at Alaska Air during the last five years. The company finds itself constantly defending its expansion, pitting that growth against consistent profitability and an expansion of top line revenue.
Alaska Air believes 4% to 8% capacity growth is the ideal range for its business, and using that growth profile baseline, concludes it can generate annual increases in revenue of 3% to 8%. One new revenue stream Alaska is adopting in the short term is the creation of a premium economy product, a trend that has swept much of the US industry.
As Alaska Air looks to increase the amount of revenue generated within the aircraft cabin, revenues from the company’s partnerships have diminished. But the company has made up for the shortfall by increasing its own branded revenue, driven by Alaska’s solid network expansion during the last few years.
Weak economic conditions are hovering over Latin America well into 2016, forcing the region’s airlines to adjust their capacity, and expectations for a recovery in yields. Those airlines are also strengthening an already laser-sharp focus on controlling cost, which becomes even more important as revenue softness persists.
Latin America’s two consolidated airlines LATAM and Avianca Holdings have recorded favourable unit cost performances during 2015, driven in part by lower fuel expense, while yields have remained under pressure. LATAM is in the midst of an initiative to shed millions in operating costs by 2018 and fuel hedging headwinds Avianca faced in 2015 should settle down in 2016.
Maintaining a flat or decreasing cost structure takes on a different level of importance in an environment where revenues and yields continue to be squeezed. But LATAM and Avianca are working to wring out inefficiencies in their cost base, and working to scale back fleet growth in order to reduce financial commitments.