- IATA Code
- International Airlines serving this country (excluding codeshares)
The Republic of Iraq is perhaps the most dangerous country on the planet right now. A few airlines have resumed flights into Baghdad, but the spiralling descent into Baghdad International Airport, necessitated by constant insurgent attacks on aircraft, means that only those who absolutely must fly into Baghdad do so. In April 2010 the government of Iraq announced that it would dissolve Iraqi Airways in order to pursue private options to avoid reparations claims made by Kuwait over the 1990-91 Iraqi invasion of that country. The liquidation process could take up to three years and the airline will continue operating services to Lebanon, Iran, Dubai, Egypt, Syria, Turkey, Greece and Jordan.
The Iraq Civil Aviation Authority is the specialist aviation regulator in Iraq. Its activities include airspace policy, flight permissions, safety regulations and economical regulations.
Airports in Iraq
346 total articles
25 total articles
In a landmark development for their national carriers, Kuwait and Iraq have reached an agreement to the long running dispute over Iraqi Airways' debts to Kuwait Airways. The USD500 million settlement ends a conflict which has plagued the development of both airlines and also paves the way for the development of a joint Iraqi-Kuwaiti airline venture.
The two countries have initialled a final settlement agreement, under which Iraq agreed to pay Kuwait USD300 million in reparations over the destruction and seizure of Kuwait Airways assets during the 1990-1991 Gulf War. In addition, Iraq pledged to provide another USD200 million for a joint airline venture between the two nations. The funds for the joint venture will be paid in 1H2013. It is not yet clear what the new joint venture carrier will look like or what roles Kuwait Airways and Iraqi Airways will play in its establishment.
Another round of new routes to Iraq is occurring over the next few months, continuing the wave of expansion by international carriers as the country's economy develops and trade links grow. After almost two decades of limited activity, commercial aviation is playing an important role in the redevelopment of Iraq.
Between the early 1990s and 2000, Iraq was faced with heavy international sanctions, effectively preventing commercial travel. Royal Jordanian was the first international carrier to resume operations to the country, initially operating irregular cargo and charter services and then an on-again, off-again scheduled passenger service. It was only after the fall of the Hussein regime in 2003 that commercial airlines began to return to the country in any numbers.
What began as a trickle of airlines and a handful of routes become a torrent at the end of 2008. More than 20 airlines have added services to Iraq over the past three years. In the past six months alone, flydubai, Etihad Airways, Emirates, EgyptAir, Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines and (the now defunct) Viking Hellas have all added new services or extra capacity into the country. Qatar Airways and Jazeera Airways are set to enter the Iraqi market in the next few months.
The UAE General Civil Aviation Authority has developed a new organisational structure to transform its management of flight management control operations and safety and security quality standards. GCAA launched its Comprehensive Transformation Programme in 2010 and has already developed new financial and strategic plans.
The political instability engulfing some North African states has extensive implications for tourism and aviation across the region. Already dozens of governments are warning their citizens to avoid travel to Egypt. Several have chartered aircraft to ferry their nationals out. Cairo Airport has been met with chaotic scenes in the past few days as thousands of foreigners seek to leave. In this special report, CAPA reviews the immediate aviation and tourism impacts from the North Africa/Middle East civil unrest.
Although the downturn in both passenger traffic and cargo volume from late 2007 led to a slowing of airport investment globally there have been signs latterly of renewed interest in new infrastructure investment. The Asia Pacific region is leading the world out of recession in respect of air transport related activity. Growth – both passenger and cargo – is expected to be at least two percentage points higher than the global average in 2010 and 2011, hastening demand for the infrastructure required to handle it.
Oman has announced it will adopt a new air traffic management system to complement the massive investment it is making in its airport sector. In late Nov-2010, the Oman Government confirmed it had awarded Spanish ATM and communications specialist Indra a USD105 million contract to develop and implement a new ATM system for the country, following an initial contract signed in Jul-2010.