Yangon Mingaladon Airport
- CAPA Analysis
- Schedule Analysis
- Cargo Analysis
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- IATA Code
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- Domestic | International
- Airlines currently operating to this airport with scheduled services
- Air Bagan
All Nippon Airways
Asian Wings Airways
Biman Bangladesh Airlines
China Eastern Airlines
China Southern Airlines
Golden Myanmar Airlines
Mann Yadanarpon Airlines
Myanmar Airways International
Myanmar National Airlines
- Airlines currently operating to this airport via codeshare
- Air France
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
Yangon International Airport serves the largest city and commercial centre of Burma (Myanmar), Yangon. The airport handles averages over 2 million passengers p/a, and is a hub for the four Burmese carriers Air Bagan, Air Mandalay, Myanmar National Airlines and Yangon Airways. Yangon is also served by over a dozes scheduled airlines from across East and Southeast Asia.
Location of Yangon Mingaladon Airport, Myanmar
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Growth in Myanmar’s international market is starting to slow significantly and will likely end 2015 in the single digits, ending a streak of five consecutive years of at least 20% growth. Not a single foreign airline has launched services to Myanmar over the last 18 months and several of the 22 foreign carriers currently serving the market have cut capacity in recent months.
Myanmar’s two main international carriers have also reduced capacity. But several domestic carriers are planning to launch international services, which could lead to overcapacity on several routes as the growth in demand has started to slow significantly.
This is Part 3 in a series of reports on the Myanmar aviation market. Part 1 looked at the highly competitive domestic airline sector, where there are now 10 competitors, following the launch of APEX Airlines and FMI Air and the resumption of operations at Air Mandalay. Part 2 analysed the international expansion plans of the recently rebranded Myanmar National Airlines, which is the leading domestic carrier and plans to re-launch international flights in Aug-2015 after a 22 year hiatus.
Myanmar National Airlines (MNA) plans to launch services on the highly competitive Yangon-Singapore route in Aug-2015 as it starts to implement an ambitious international expansion plan. The newly rebranded government-owned carrier took delivery of the first of 10 737-800s in Jun-2015 and plans to operate five international routes by early 2016 as it grows its new narrowbody fleet.
But the airline faces huge challenges as it operates outside the domestic market for the first time in two decades. The Yangon-Singapore market is already experiencing overcapacity and Myanmar-based carriers have struggled to compete against their Singaporean competitors, forcing cutbacks at Myanmar Airways International (MAI) and the withdrawal of Golden Myanmar Airways.
MNA will inevitably face the same challenges in Singapore as other Burmese carriers, particularly given its brand is an unknown in the international market. North Asia, which MNA plans to enter in the coming months, will also be a challenging market.
Competition has further intensified in Myanmar’s domestic market as two more airlines have launched services while Air Mandalay has resumed operations after a six-month hiatus. There are now 10 airlines operating domestic scheduled services in Myanmar, a staggering figure for a market of only 2.2 annual million passengers.
On most main trunk routes competition is fierce with as up to eight carriers competing, often with nearly identical schedules. Consolidation seems inevitable and several airlines in Myanmar have been seeking new investors.
The latest start-ups, APEX Airlines and FMI Air, sought to carve out a niche with bases at the sleepy capital Nay Pyi Taw. But capacity on the Yangon-Nay Pyi Taw route, which saw less than 100,000 passengers in 2014, has quickly doubled as two of the existing carriers, Air KBZ and Asian Wings, entered at nearly the same time as the two start-ups.
Myanmar start-up FMI Air is aiming to launch scheduled services by the end of 2014 using 50-seat CRJ200 regional jets based at the capital Nay Pyi Taw. FMI will become the first airline to establish a hub at Nay Pyi Taw, which has an underutilised modern international airport that opened in 2011.
FMI will enter an extremely crowded domestic market which is already served by eight airlines. But it sees an opportunity to differentiate by operating jets rather than turboprops, providing a higher level of service, partnering with foreign carriers and becoming the first domestic operator in Myanmar with IOSA certification.
FMI Air will initially operate on the Yangon-Nay Pyi Taw route, which it has served over the last two years using wet leased aircraft. But it plans quickly to establish a hub at Nay Pyi Taw with several domestic routes in the first phase and eventually regional international routes.
Myanmar Airways International (MAI) is pursuing expansion in North Asia with new services to Osaka and Seoul. The expansion increases the airline’s network to eight destinations and approximately doubles its weekly ASKs, pushing up its small share of Myanmar’s fast growing but highly competitive international market.
The expansion will position MAI to potentially benefit from rapid growth in Myanmar’s tourism sector. MAI, which became entirely privately owned in 2013, has not yet participated in the huge growth Myanmar’s international market has enjoyed since the country opened up in 2011.
MAI risks being squeezed out if it does not grow. But its upcoming expansion is also risky as MAI will compete in the Korea and Japan markets with larger foreign carriers and eventually Myanma Airways, a government-owned domestic carrier, aiming to launch services to North Asia in 2015.
Competition in Myanmar is set to intensify further as several of the country’s airlines pursue ambitious fleet expansion. Two Burmese carriers used the recent Farnborough Airshow to order new aircraft, putting the Myanmar market in the spotlight as local carriers attempt to capture some of the rapid growth which so far has mainly benefitted foreign airlines.
Domestic market leader Myanma Airways has committed to acquiring at least six ATR 72-600s, adding to orders the government owned carrier placed in early 2014 with GECAS for 10 737s. Meanwhile one of its eight privately owned local competitors, Air Mandalay, has committed to at least six MRJ90 regional jets.
Myanmar’s airline sector currently consists of nine airlines, including eight domestic operators, with a combined fleet of just over 40 aircraft. The total fleet in Myanmar could double over the next few years as several existing carriers expand and new airlines enter the market. But such rapid growth may not be sustainable and consolidation seems inevitable.