Sao Paulo Guarulhos International Airport
- CAPA Analysis
- Schedule Analysis
- Route Maps
- Print Summary
- IATA Code
- Sao Paulo
- Other airports serving Sao Paulo
- Campinas Viracopos Airport
Sao Paulo Congonhas Airport
- 3000m x 45m
3700m x 45m
- Airlines currently operating to this airport with scheduled services
- ABSA Cargo Airline
Boliviana de Aviación
Delta Air Lines
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
South African Airways
TAM Airlines (Paraguay)
- Airlines currently operating to this airport via codeshare
- All Nippon Airways
TRIP Linhas Aereas
Guarulhos International Airport, recently rebranded as GRU Airport, is the busiest airport in Brazil and the country's main international gateway, serving Brazil's commercial centre and biggest city São Paulo. Guarulhos is a hub for Avianca Brazil, TAM Airlines and Gol, with Azul and regional Brazilian carriers also maintaining a heavy presence. Upon US Airways' launch of services in Jun-2013, the airport will be served by all major North American and Latin American carriers. Air France, Alitalia, British Airways, Iberia, KLM, Lufthansa, SWISS, TAP Portugal and Turkish Airlines provide direct European connections, in addition to TAM. Middle Eastern and African connections are provided by Emirates, Qatar Airways, South African Airways and TAAG, who will be joined by Etihad and Ethiopian Airlines in Jun-2013 and Jul-2013. Air China, Korean Air and Singapore Airlines offer services to Asia via the US and Europe. Guarulhos was among the first airports to be privatised in Brazil, with state-owned Infraero retaining a 49% stake after a 20-year concession was awarded to a consortium of Invepar and Airports Company South Africa - who hold a 90% and 10% stake in the consortium respectively.
Guarulhos' expansion plans have faced numerous delays and restarts over the years, though works on a new 12 million passenger p/a capacity Terminal 3 are now underway, with an expected completion date of May-2014. Expansion is expected to result in a doubling of capacity to 60 million passengers p/a by 2022, with the new terminal adding 34 boarding gates. The airport is coping with capacity issues by installing high-speed taxiway exits and plans to widen the main runway to handle A380 and Boeing 747-8 operations. Terminals 1 and 2 are set to undergo a "major renovation" after the 2014 FIFA World Cup in preparation for the 2016 Olympic Games, according to Civil Aviation Minister Moreira Franco. Airport access improvements are also being planned, with commuter rail operator CPTM to provide a direct rail link with the city centre and a stop at the airport planned for an eventual São Paulo-Rio de Janeiro high-speed rail line.
Location of Sao Paulo Guarulhos International Airport, Brazil
Ground Handlers servicing Sao Paulo Guarulhos International Airport
365 total articles
33 total articles
Competitive pressure in long-haul markets between the US and Brazil was a major driver in the 10.3% year-over-year decrease in yields during 4Q2012 for the powerful newly minted LATAM Airlines Group, which is the combination of Brazil’s leading carrier TAM and South American group LAN. The performance in long-haul markets is likely disappointing for the group as its performance in Brazil’s cooling domestic market improved during the last three months of 2012.
In some ways the competitive pressure on long-haul markets from the US and Brazil will be short-lived as TAM and American Airlines are working to forge a codeshare partnership that will see the two historic rivals team up in the market now that LATAM has selected oneworld as its alliance of choice. Once all the regulatory approvals for the tie-up are in place, TAM will be able to benefit from onward connections in Miami and New York that it currently does not enjoy. Based on current schedules in Innovata (24-Mar-2013 to 30-Mar-2013) TAM and American presently account for 69% of the capacity between the US and Brazil.
US carriers are facing some weakness in their Latin American performance as significant capacity growth between the two regions appears to be pressuring unit revenue and yields. All three major US network carriers with a robust presence in the market – American, Delta and United – watched their yields plummet during 4Q2012 as they expanded capacity significantly to Latin America year-over-year. The weakness during the last three months of 2012 follows a somewhat lacklustre performance by those airlines during 3Q2012, which could indicate the US-Latin American market is reaching a certain level of maturity.
During 4Q2012 American, Delta and United posted declines in unit revenue and yields on their routes between the US and Latin America. American recorded the greatest decline in unit revenues of 5.4% while United posted the largest slide in yields of 6.5%. Delta and American increased capacity to the region by 9.4% and 8.3%, respectively, while United’s capacity declined slightly by about 1%.
US Airways, which has a marginal presence between the US and South America and the Caribbean (and doesn't break out yield and unit revenue performance by region), recorded a 3% drop in unit revenues in the region. The carrier serves only one market in South America, Rio de Janeiro, and several leisure points in the Caribbean. US Ariways’ new service from its Charlotte hub to Sao Paulo begins in May-2013
Brazil’s Gol is testing out an unusual variation of the long-haul low-cost model by launching a one-stop operation between Brazil and the US. But the experiment will likely be short-lived as Latin America’s largest LCC will face intense competition in the Brazil-US market and is not offering connections on either end.
On 15-Dec-2012, Gol re-entered the US market with new daily Boeing 737-800 services to Miami and Orlando. Both new scheduled flights operate from Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic, which serves as a fuel stop and transit point for the operation. One of the flights originates at Sao Paul Guarulhos and the other flight originates at Rio de Janeiro Galeao. The flights are timed to reach Santo Domingo at the about same time, allowing for passengers from either Brazilian city to travel to either US destination.
Avianca Brazil plans to slow down expansion in 2013, taking a hiatus following a growth spurt which saw the carrier more than double in size in less than two years. Avianca Brazil’s outlook remains bright despite Brazil’s challenging market, which has led the country’s two largest carriers to cut domestic capacity, as it is poised to benefit from anticipated membership in the Star Alliance and the possible acquisition of TAP Portugal by its parent company.
Avianca Brazil is 100% owned by Brazilian investment firm Synergy Group, which is also the largest shareholder in Avianca-TACA Holding, the parent of several carriers in other Latin America countries including four members of the Star Alliance. Synergy is also the only remaining bidder in the sale of Star member TAP Portugal, which has an extensive network in Brazil that would add significant value to Avianca Brazil’s all-domestic network.
Air traffic in the Peruvian domestic and international markets continues to grow steadily as overall traffic growth in Latin America remains strong despite weakening economies in Europe. Through the first five months of 2012 Peru recorded 14% growth year-over-year in domestic passengers carried as TACA Peru continued to build up its market share after making a two-phased expansion into the domestic space starting in 2010.
Peru's international market also has been growing rapidly, expanding by 15% through the first five months of 2012. Peru's largest carrier and TACA Peru's main rival, Lan Peru, has been expanding its international operation and is now planning another push from its Lima hub to leverage the combined network of new parent LATAM to capitalise on connecting passengers from North America, which should further bolster Peru’s international market.
Latin America’s powerful new force LATAM Airlines Group recorded USD50 million in net income and USD23 million in operating income for 2Q2012, the first time the combined entity of LAN and TAM has reported consolidated quarterly results since the close of their historic merger on 22-Jun-2012. While the combined result was positive, the separate performance of each carrier was less favourable with TAM recording a USD14 million operating loss for 2Q2012 and LAN only turning a small operating profit of USD37 million. The combined result posted by LATAM only includes eight days of contribution from TAM as the merger was finalised near the end of 2Q2012.
TAM posted a BRL928 million (USD458 million) net loss during 2Q2012 driven by foreign exchange currency challenges and losses from the carrier’s fuel hedging portfolio. LAN recorded a 68% slide in net profits to USD5 million, driven by weaker conditions in its cargo business and one time costs associated with union negotiations and the merger with TAM. Going forward the combined company plans to focus much of its 3%-4% capacity growth in 2012 on the strong north-south routes to North America.