Sao Paulo Guarulhos International Airport
- CAPA Analysis
- Schedule Analysis
- Route Maps
- Print Summary
- IATA Code
- Sao Paulo
- Other airports serving Sao Paulo
- Campinas Viracopos Airport
Sao Paulo Congonhas Airport
- 3000m x 45m
3700m x 45m
- Airlines currently operating to this airport with scheduled services
- ABSA Cargo Airline
Boliviana de Aviación
Delta Air Lines
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
Phoenix Aviation [Kyrgyzstan]
Royal Air Maroc
South African Airways
TAM Airlines (Paraguay)
- Airlines currently operating to this airport via codeshare
- All Nippon Airways
Guarulhos International Airport, recently rebranded as GRU Airport, is the busiest airport in Brazil and the country's main international gateway, serving Brazil's commercial centre and biggest city São Paulo. Guarulhos is a hub for Avianca Brazil, TAM Airlines and Gol, with Azul and regional Brazilian carriers also maintaining a heavy presence. The airport is served by all major North American and Latin American carriers, as well as a large number of European flag carriers, in addition to TAM's international services. A number of African and Gul carriers also serve Guarulhos, while Asian carriers such as Air China, Korean Air and Singapore Airlines serve Guarulhos via the US and Europe. Guarulhos was among the first airports to be privatised in Brazil, with state-owned Infraero retaining a 49% stake after a 20-year concession was awarded to a consortium of Invepar and Airports Company South Africa - who hold a 95% and 5% stake in the consortium respectively.
Guarulhos' expansion plans have faced numerous delays and restarts over the years, though works on a new 12 million passenger p/a capacity Terminal 3 are now underway, with an expected completion date of May-2014. Expansion is expected to result in a doubling of capacity to 60 million passengers p/a by 2022, with the new terminal adding 34 boarding gates. T1 and T2 are set to undergo a "major renovation" after the 2014 FIFA World Cup in preparation for the 2016 Olympic Games with airport access improvements are also being planned.
Location of Sao Paulo Guarulhos International Airport, Brazil
Ground Handlers servicing Sao Paulo Guarulhos International Airport
534 total articles
37 total articles
American Airlines’ decision to launch service from its Dallas/Fort Worth hub to Hong Kong and Shanghai is a strategic move to bolster its historically weak positioning in the US-Asia market, and is occurring at a time when some carriers in those markets are enjoying particularly favourable results on their service to North America and are rapidly expanding.
American is also positioning itself to capitalise on the growing demand between Asia and Latin America by funnelling passengers through its largest hub for connections onwards to Central and South America.
The moves by American – which also include axing its service from New York JFK to Tokyo Haneda due to unfavourable operating times – also show a diminished emphasis on Japan as a traditional stop-over as direct services become an imperative to attract and retain high-yielding business passengers.
LATAM Airlines Group during 2Q2013 marked the first anniversary of its landmark merger between South America’s largest airline groups LAN and TAM with an overall loss of USD300 million for the historically weaker quarter, which also reflects the continuing struggles LATAM faces in the depreciation of the BRL against the USD.
But against those challenges LATAM has seen improvement in its domestic Brazilian operations as unit revenues in those markets grew 14% mainly driven by load factor growth.
Unlike Brazil’s second largest carrier Gol, LATAM’s scale is providing opportunities for the company to reduce its exposure to currency fluctuations, decrease its capital commitments and realign its fleet in certain operations to improve unit costs. All those initiatives allow LATAM’s management to remain confident that all the reasons behind their tie-up remain sound, and the underlying potential to deliver long-term financial benefits remains intact.
Turkish Airlines (THY) is pursuing aggressive expansion in Latin America, where it plans to triple the size of its network in 2014 to six destinations. THY will still be a relatively small player in the Latin America-Europe market but its launch of services to Bogota, Caracas, Havana and Mexico City is primarily targeted at the faster-growing and under-served Latin America-Asia market.
THY will offer the Colombian, Cuban, Mexican and Venezuelan markets the fastest connections to the Middle East, most of Asia and parts of Africa. With the expansion the Star Alliance carrier emerges as an attractive partner to Latin American carriers, which have a very limited presence in any of these regions.
THY is also accelerating expansion in the US market, where it plans to grow its network from five to eight destinations next summer. The carrier will open up new connections to parts of Asia, the Middle East and Africa from Atlanta, Boston and San Francisco. But the THY product from these new destinations will not be as exclusive as is the case with its new Latin American cities.
Azul's IPO is at a challenging time for economic and traffic growth in Brazil - but offers potential
Nearly five years after inaugurating service, Brazilian carrier Azul is capping off its rapid and highly successful growth with a planned initial public offering. Azul, led by former JetBlue founder and chief David Neeleman has quickly built up a position of strength in the domestic market place through a strategic acquisition it executed during 2012 of fellow Brazilian regional carrier TRIP.
The combination helped Azul flesh out its network and build what it hopes is the necessary scale to withstand the changes its has witnessed in the Brazilian market place during its brief history, ranging from significant growth to a slowdown in traffic expansion as the country’s GDP has slowed during the last couple of years.
The timing of the decision by Azul’s management to take the company public is interesting given that Brazil’s second largest carrier Gol recently warned that inflation in Brazil keeps rising and that it is uncertain if the country will attain its projected 2.5% GDP growth during 2012.
But in making its case to potential investors Azul is attempting to make clear distinctions between itself and Gol by citing yield advantages and merger synergies of BRL200 million (USD96 million) to BRL300 million (USD144 million) during 2013.
Competitive pressure in long-haul markets between the US and Brazil was a major driver in the 10.3% year-over-year decrease in yields during 4Q2012 for the powerful newly minted LATAM Airlines Group, which is the combination of Brazil’s leading carrier TAM and South American group LAN. The performance in long-haul markets is likely disappointing for the group as its performance in Brazil’s cooling domestic market improved during the last three months of 2012.
In some ways the competitive pressure on long-haul markets from the US and Brazil will be short-lived as TAM and American Airlines are working to forge a codeshare partnership that will see the two historic rivals team up in the market now that LATAM has selected oneworld as its alliance of choice. Once all the regulatory approvals for the tie-up are in place, TAM will be able to benefit from onward connections in Miami and New York that it currently does not enjoy. Based on current schedules in Innovata (24-Mar-2013 to 30-Mar-2013) TAM and American presently account for 69% of the capacity between the US and Brazil.
US carriers are facing some weakness in their Latin American performance as significant capacity growth between the two regions appears to be pressuring unit revenue and yields. All three major US network carriers with a robust presence in the market – American, Delta and United – watched their yields plummet during 4Q2012 as they expanded capacity significantly to Latin America year-over-year. The weakness during the last three months of 2012 follows a somewhat lacklustre performance by those airlines during 3Q2012, which could indicate the US-Latin American market is reaching a certain level of maturity.
During 4Q2012 American, Delta and United posted declines in unit revenue and yields on their routes between the US and Latin America. American recorded the greatest decline in unit revenues of 5.4% while United posted the largest slide in yields of 6.5%. Delta and American increased capacity to the region by 9.4% and 8.3%, respectively, while United’s capacity declined slightly by about 1%.
US Airways, which has a marginal presence between the US and South America and the Caribbean (and doesn't break out yield and unit revenue performance by region), recorded a 3% drop in unit revenues in the region. The carrier serves only one market in South America, Rio de Janeiro, and several leisure points in the Caribbean. US Ariways’ new service from its Charlotte hub to Sao Paulo begins in May-2013