Greece received (18-May-2010) a EUR14.5 billion loan from the European Commission via the European Central Bank (ECB) under its three-year economic and financial policy programme. The loan is comprised of contributions from 10 European countries. Combined with the EUR5.5 billion received from the International Monetary Fund earlier this week, this makes up the first tranche of the EUR110 billion support package Greece has agreed to with its European partners, the ECB and the IMF. These disbursements cover the immediate and short-term financing needs of the Hellenic Republic. [more - Greek Finance Ministry] [more - European Commission]
Greece given EUR14.5bn EC loan
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Jet2.com: growth mainly in Spain and Manchester. Overcapacity an issue, and competition strong
The strongly seasonal nature of Jet2.com's schedule and the financial performance of the airline and its parent Dart Group were examined in a Jul-2016 analysis report by CAPA. That report also noted that all of the increase in passenger numbers since the year to Mar-2013 was attributable to traffic booked via Dart Group's package holidays business – Jet2holidays.com.
This report looks in some detail at Jet2.com's network and how it has changed in the three years since summer 2013.
Over the past three years Jet2.com has increased its peak summer weekly seat capacity by one third. By airport, the biggest share of this incremental capacity has been at Manchester. By destination, the lion's share of its growth has been to Spain, where there is now a capacity glut. Its markets have become increasingly competitive – not only due to other LCCs, but also because of the growth of airlines owned by integrated leisure groups such as TUI and Thomas Cook.
"Too little competition in the American (airline) market". EU head: US consolidation goes too far
At the ACI 26th General Assembly in Athens on 21-Jun-2016 the European Commission's DG Competition Henrik Mørch said that the EC has generally approved JVs but is closely watching consolidation trends. As reported in a CAPA news brief, Mr Mørch said that the EC is interested in how much consolidation can be justified with efficiency gains for the consumer.
He added that, while the European aviation market is more fragmented than the American market, taking the level of consolidation that exists in the US and applying it to Europe is "not necessarily something we would advocate for...there's too little competition in the American market in our view".
However, the level of concentration on the North Atlantic, the principal market where JVs have been approved by the Commission, is greater than in North America – the market that Mr Mørch considers too concentrated. Meanwhile, European fragmentation weighs heavily on its airlines' yields and holds back their profitability.