European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso stated that the inclusion of aviation into the EU Emissions Trading Scheme is now European law and the commission is not considering altering the legislation (Reuters, 08-Jun-2011). Authorities, airline associations and individual carriers from China, Russia and the US are planning or have threatened legal action to block the EU from including them in the scheme. European airlines and Airbus wrote to the commission, concerned that the dispute could lead to retaliatory measures and a trade war. EU Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard stated that the inclusion of the aviation sector in the EU ETS is a “practical example” of steps that need to be made to fight global warming (Bloomberg, 08-Jun-2011).
EU stands firm over inclusion of aviation in EU ETS
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SunExpress: "Lufthansa's biggest strategic project"
The Turkish leisure airline SunExpress and its German subsidiary SunExpress Germany have historically had a fairly low profile, certainly among European air travellers. Nevertheless, their combined total of 7.9 million passengers puts SunExpress in the top 20 European airline groups in 2016, ahead of Brussels Airlines.
Jointly owned by Turkish Airlines and Lufthansa, SunExpress and its German counterpart brought about a consolidated result that fell into loss in 2016 as passenger numbers and revenue both declined. When the observer scratches beneath the surface of the headline figures, a picture of significant strategic change at SunExpress Germany starts to emerge.
The larger Turkish SunExpress has maintained its focus on Turkey-Germany routes, whereas SunExpress Germany has abandoned this country pair. It has instead developed leisure routes from Germany to elsewhere in Europe and in North Africa, in spite of not having an obvious competitive advantage in those markets. Within these new market areas, SunExpress Germany has undergone substantial changes in its route portfolio. Lufthansa wetleases capacity from SunExpress Germany for its Eurowings low cost operation and this may help to make some sense of these outwardly random network changes.