Global airport passenger traffic showed some positive signs of improvement in Aug-2009, with the steep traffic contractions experienced in the past 12 months appearing to have “turned the corner, softening in August”, according to Airports Council International (ACI).
According to ACI World Director General, Angela Gittens, “flat is beautiful after a year of negative results…. This is good news and the trend charts indicate that a sustainable turnaround may be in the works”.
Ms Gittens added that “even taking into consideration that the comparison to results in August of last year, when global traffic slowed due to the economic situation and travel restrictions in China related to security measures for the Olympic Games, the improving trend is visible”.
Traffic in Aug-2009 has come off a negative base in Aug-2008, whereas monthly reports in 1H2009 came off a positive 2008 base.
ACI total passenger number growth: Aug-2008 to Aug-2009
Moderate passenger traffic growth in Aug-2009
According to ACI, total traffic worldwide grew a modest 0.1% in Aug-2009, compared to declines of 1.2%, 5% and 8% in the previous three months - for the first positive growth in over 12 months.
Middle East remains resilient, Asia Pacific back to growth
During Aug-2009, the Middle East was again the standout performer, even growing off a strong base in Aug-2008. Middle East total passenger numbers grew 7.7%, with growth of 8.1% internationally.
ACI Airports Middle East international passenger numbers growth: Aug-2008 to Aug-2009
Among the other growth regions, the Asia Pacific and Latin America experienced year-on-year total passenger growth, up 11.2% and 3.0%, respectively. Asia Pacific growth in the month was a notable turnaround from a year-to-date contraction of 0.6%, as airlines discount heavily to top up load factors.
ACI passenger numbers growth by region: Aug-08 vs YTD Aug-09 vs YE Aug-09
Emerging markets “pulling ahead”; Europe and North America “lagging behind
Europe and North America continues to lag, as expected, with overall passenger contractions of 3.6% in both markets, as they also suffered the largest slump in the first eight months of 2009 (of 7.0% and 7.3%, respectively).
Domestic traffic grows for second time in 2009, but international traffic remains depressed
Worldwide airport domestic traffic rose again last month (by 2.5%, following the previous month's 0.9% increase), for two consecutive months of positive growth.
This was driven by strong results in the Asia Pacific region (+17.1%, thanks to China's weak base last year) and Latin America & Caribbean (+10.6%).
Although total international traffic remained depressed , down 2.2% year-on-year, this reduction is an improvement over the 3.4% decline reported in Jul-2009 and Jun-2009’s 7% decline. The Middle East and Asia Pacific regions both reported positive international growth (of 8.1% and 3.7%, respectively).
“No turnaround yet” for international freight demand
According to ACI, “no turnaround has been seen as yet in international freight”. Worse still, ACI added that, on a month-on-month comparison, “we are now comparing declines with declines”.
Worldwide freight traffic was down 7.0% in Aug-2009 (international freight down 8.6% with domestic freight down by 3.6%), although this is an improvement from the 8.7% contraction in Jul-2009 and the year-to-date decline of 15.4%.
For both total and international freight, the Middle East region was the only region seeing positive growth in the month (+7.2% year-on-year), while domestically, only the Asia Pacific region reported positive results (+12.4%), due in large part due to increased activity at Chinese airports.
Africa, Latin America & Caribbean and North America regions all experienced double-digit freight contractions in the month (-14.7%, -12.3% and -11.2%), while Asia Pacific results were down by 3.7% (in the region, Singapore and Tokyo Narita levels were down 14% and 10%, respectively), although this represented a rising traffic trend.
ACI total cargo volume growth: Aug-20008 to Aug-2009
Outlook: Global declines more moderate than expected, but sluggish recovery expected
Looking forward, ACI stated that if the positive year-to-date trend continues, global annual declines in 2009 would be much more moderate than expected, likely between -3% to -4%.
ACI added that the IMF half-yearly World Economic Outlook predicts a better than anticipated, yet sluggish, recovery throughout 2009 and 2010, due to positive signs of improvement in the West and Developing countries.
Although growth is expected to be modest in Western Europe, North America and Japan, the IMF indicates that emerging and developing economies are “further ahead on the road to recovery”, led by a resurgence in Asia, particularly with anticipated strong growth in China and India.