Qatar Airways is planning further expansion in Southeast Asia in 2016, driven by the resumption of flights to Cebu and a new nonstop service to Hanoi. Qatar had dropped Cebu in 2012, while Hanoi has been served via Bangkok since it was launched in 2010.
Qatar already has more Southeast Asian destinations than any Gulf airline: 12. It currently has 147 weekly passenger flights to Southeast Asia, having added 25 frequencies in 2015.
In addition to Cebu, Qatar is planning to add at least one more undisclosed destination to its Southeast Asian network in 2016. It has been seeking approval to serve Surabaya, which would be Qatar’s third Indonesian destination, and has also been evaluating Chiang Mai, which would be its third destination in Thailand.
Qatar has more destinations in Southeast Asia than Emirates or Etihad
Qatar Airways currently serves 12 destinations in eight Southeast Asian countries, compared with eight destinations in six countries for Emirates and seven destinations in six countries for Etihad. Qatar is currently the only Middle Eastern airline serving four of these destinations – Clark, Hanoi, Phnom Penh and Yangon. However, Hanoi is currently only served as a tag beyond Bangkok, while Phnom Penh is served as a tag beyond Ho Chi Minh.
Emirates is still approximately 40% larger in Southeast Asia based on seat capacity, while Qatar has almost twice as much capacity as Etihad. Qatar is the second largest non-Asian airline after Emirates in Southeast Asia, based on capacity with over 100,000 weekly seats (it is the largest based on size of network).
Qatar currently has approximately 96,000 nonstop seats between Doha and Southeast Asia, compared with Emirates’ approximately 128,000 weekly nonstop seats between Dubai-Southeast Asia.
Southeast Asia top 10 non-Asian airlines ranked by weekly seat capacity: 22-Feb-2016 to 28-Feb-2016
|5||KL||KLM Royal Dutch Airlines||27,954|
However, Qatar allocates a larger portion of capacity to Southeast Asia than its two Gulf rivals. Southeast Asia currently accounts for approximately 13% of Qatar’s total seats and 20% of Qatar’s ASKs, compared with 10% of Emirates’ total seats and 12% of Emirates’ ASKs, according to CAPA and OAG data. Smaller Etihad allocates approximately 13% of its total seats and 15% of its ASKs to Southeast Asia.
Qatar has also been growing faster than Emirates and Etihad in Southeast Asia. Qatar’s nonstop capacity to Southeast Asia has increased by approximately 30% over the last year, compared with 10% capacity growth for Emirates and broadly flat capacity for Etihad.
Emirates, Qatar and Etihad Middle East to Southeast Asia nonstop capacity (one-way seats per week): Sep-2011 to Jul-2016
Qatar has expanded rapidly in several Southeast Asian markets
In 2015 Qatar added a second daily flight to each of Bali and Manila, a third daily flight to Singapore and four weekly frequencies to Phuket (for a total of 11). Qatar only launched nonstop service to Bali and Phuket in 2014; previously Bali was served via Singapore, and Phuket via Kuala Lumpur.
Qatar also added capacity to Bangkok in 2015 by upgauging several of its Doha-Bangkok frequencies to the A380. Qatar introduced the A380 on one of its four daily Bangkok flights at the end of 2014 and now deploys the A380 on three of its four daily Bangkok flights. Currently only the Doha-Bangkok-Hanoi flight is operated with comparatively smaller 777s.
Bangkok is by far Qatar’s largest Southeast Asian destination – as it is for Emirates and Etihad. Singapore is the second largest Southeast Asian destination for Qatar, followed closely by Kuala Lumpur and Jakarta. Qatar currently has 21 weekly flights to Kuala Lumpur but Singapore is served with an all-A350 operation while Kuala Lumpur currently has a mix of A340-600s, 787-8s and 777-300ERs.
Jakarta is currently served with 20 weekly frequencies using a mix of 777-300ERs, 787-8s and A330-200s. Manila and Bali are both served with two daily 777-300ER flights. Yangon, which is served with four weekly A330-200 flights (reducing to three weekly flights during the northern summer season), is the only Southeast Asian destination that Qatar does not serve daily.
Qatar Airways Southeast Asia nonstop routes ranked by seat capacity: 22-Feb-2016 to 28-Feb-2016
|1||BKK||Bangkok Suvarnabhumi International Airport||26,040|
|2||SIN||Singapore Changi Airport||11,886|
|3||KUL||Kuala Lumpur International Airport||11,650|
|4||CGK||Jakarta Soekarno-Hatta International Airport||10,478|
|5||DPS||Bali Denpasar Ngurah Rai Airport||9,380|
|6||MNL||Manila Ninoy Aquino International Airport||9,380|
|7||HKT||Phuket International Airport||7,370|
|9||CRK||Clark International Airport||3,982|
|10||SGN||Ho Chi Minh City Tan Son Nhat Airport||3,612|
|12||RGN||Yangon Mingaladon Airport||2,064|
Qatar to continue Southeast Asian expansion in 2016
Qatar Airways is continuing its rapid expansion in the Southeast Asian market in 2016. Qatar Airways CEO, Akbar Al Baker, told CAPA at the 17-Feb-2016 Singapore Airshow that the airline plans to launch daily service to Cebu by the end of 2016, initially using 787-8s. He said that Qatar also plans to launch nonstop service from Doha to Hanoi, replacing the current one-stop service via Bangkok, and will add at least one more undisclosed new Southeast Asian destination.
Qatar has also already filed an increase for Doha-Kuala Lumpur from Jul-2016, when three weekly frequencies will be added for a total of 24. There will likely be capacity increases in other existing Southeast Asian markets in 2H2016, through additional frequencies or upgauging.
Qatar plans to maintain Phnom Penh as its only tagged destination in Southeast Asia. Cambodia is a growing but relatively small market that is unlikely to support nonstop service to the Middle East at this stage. Qatar is the only non-Asian airline serving Cambodia, and has fifth freedom pick-up rights between Ho Chi Minh and Phnom Penh.
With the addition of Cebu and the undisclosed new destination Qatar should have at least 14 Southeast Asian destinations by the end of 2016 including 13 nonstop destinations. In Jan-2016 Emirates announced the launch of services to Cebu and the resumption of services to Clark from 30-Mar-2016, which will give it 12 Southeast Asian destinations.
Qatar joins Emirates in expanding in the Philippine market
Emirates plans to serve Cebu and Clark with a daily 777-300ER flight on a Dubai-Cebu-Clark-Dubai circle routing. Mr Akbar said that Qatar plans to maintain its daily Doha-Clark return service as it launches Dubai-Cebu.
As a result, Qatar plans to operate 28 weekly flights to the Philippines by the end of 2016 compared with only 14 in Sep-2015. As CAPA has previously highlighted, Emirates is expanding its Philippine operation from 14 to 25 weekly flights in late Mar-2016, giving it 21,400 weekly seats in the Philippine market.
Additionally, Etihad is expanding its Philippine operation from 14 to 17 weekly flights from May-2016, giving it 14,008 weekly seats. Etihad is adding three weekly 777-300ER frequencies to Manila for a total of 17 while Emirates is adding four 777-300ER frequencies to Manila for a total of 18, in addition to launching service to Cebu and Clark.
Qatar currently has two daily 777-300ER flights to Manila and serves Clark with one daily A330-200s frequency. Once Qatar launches the planned daily 787-8 flight to Cebu it will have approximately 18,000 weekly seats in the Philippines, making it the third largest foreign airline in the Philippines after Cathay Pacific and Emirates. Qatar is currently the fourth largest foreign airline in the Philippines, but will slip to the fifth position after Emirates expands from 14 to 25 weekly flights.
Top 10 foreign airlines in the Philippines ranked by seat capacity: May-2016
Qatar launched services to Clark in Oct-2013, when it was required to reduce Manila from two to one daily frequency following the termination of its codeshare partnership with Philippine Airlines. (The codeshare enabled Qatar to operate one Manila flight using Philippine Airlines’ traffic rights.)
Qatar added back the second daily Manila frequency in Oct-2015, after it was able to secure rights for seven additional frequencies made possible by a new Qatar-Philippines air services agreement. Qatar decided to maintain Clark, which enjoys open skies, as it added back the second daily flight at nearby Manila.
Qatar's expansion in the Philippine market will impact Cebu Pacific and Philippine Airlines (PAL). Cebu Pacific and particularly PAL have already been impacted by the rapid expansion of Gulf airlines in the Philippine market. Cebu Pacific launched Doha in Jul-2015 and PAL is adding service to Doha in Mar-2016, but already competes with Qatar in the broader Philippines-Middle East and Europe markets.
Qatar will resume service to Cebu
Qatar dropped Cebu, which also enjoys an open skies regime, in Mar-2012. Qatar initially launched services to Cebu in late 2003 as a tag with Singapore, and prior to its suspension the city was served daily with A330-200s.
Doha-Cebu was unprofitable with the A330-200 because of the relatively low yields in the Cebu market but Qatar is confident that the route can be viable with more efficient new-generation aircraft. Mr Akbar said Doha-Cebu will operate initially with the 787-8 and eventually be transitioned to the A350 as more A350s are delivered. A launch date has not yet been set as it hinges on aircraft delivery schedules, but Qatar expects to commence the new Cebu service in 2016.
Doha will be Cebu’s third long haul destination after Los Angeles and Dubai, both of which are being launched in Mar-2016. The three new long haul routes as well as new regional routes should drive continued rapid traffic growth at Mactan-Cebu International airport. Mactan-Cebu recorded 20% international passenger traffic growth in 2015, to 2 million passengers.
Mactan-Cebu annual international passenger traffic and year over year growth: 2010 to 2015
Mactan-Cebu has emerged as an alternative hub to Manila, where congestion limits growth opportunities for Cebu Pacific, PAL and foreign airlines. The Cebu Pacific Group is planning to continue expanding its Cebu hub, where it now has more than 20 domestic routes and five regional international routes. The PAL Group currently operates seven domestic routes from Cebu and is now evaluating other potential international routes from Cebu, to supplement its new Los Angeles service and its three existing international routes linking Cebu to North Asia.
Cebu is also now served by 12 foreign airlines. While there are huge opportunities for growth at Cebu in terms of local and transit traffic, overcapacity could become a concern, particularly in the international market.
Cebu is generally a price sensitive market, with relatively limited premium demand – as Qatar discovered during its initial foray in Cebu. Emirates and Qatar will provide new faster connections to the Middle East and Europe but intensifying competition will impact yields, and it is unclear if there is sufficient demand from the Philippines second largest city to support two Gulf airlines.
Qatar to upgrade Hanoi service to nonstop
At Hanoi, Qatar is poised to become the third foreign airline with a long haul route, after Aeroflot and Kenya Airways. Vietnam Airlines also currently links Hanoi with Frankfurt, London, Moscow and Paris, giving Vietnam five nonstop long haul routes overall.
Qatar has been serving Hanoi since Nov-2010 and upgraded Bangkok-Hanoi from four weekly frequencies to daily in late 2011. The new nonstop product will enable new one-stop connections from Hanoi to Europe, as well as to Africa and North America. Qatar initially plans to operate Doha-Hanoi nonstop with 787-8s or A350-900s.
Hanoi is a much smaller market than Ho Chi Minh but is relatively underserved and growing rapidly.
Qatar is likely keen to increase its presence in Hanoi before other Gulf or European airlines enter the market. Qatar is also likely keen to leverage its presence in Vietnam, which was the fastest growing market in Southeast Asia in 2015. Qatar became the first Gulf airline to serve Ho Chi Minh in 2007, initially operating a one-stop service via Bangkok.
Chiang Mai or Surabaya could be Qatar’s next new destination in Southeast Asia
Qatar has been relatively successful at serving secondary markets in Southeast Asia that other Gulf airlines have at least initially avoided. Tagging a secondary destination with a more mainstream destination has enabled Qatar to test new markets in Southeast Asia without the risk of a long haul nonstop service.
However, Qatar’s priority is to operate nonstop from Doha. Qatar is evaluating new secondary destinations in Southeast Asia which most likely will be launched as a nonstop.
Chiang Mai and Surabaya have been evaluated and are the most logical new Southeast Asian destinations for Qatar. Thailand and Indonesia are both strategically important markets for Qatar and are the largest countries in Southeast Asia.
Surabaya is less likely to be launched in the near to medium term as Indonesian authorities have so far thwarted attempts by Qatar to secure approvals to serve Indonesia’s third largest airport. A weak Indonesian economy also has impacted outbound international demand.
Doha-Chiang Mai would be more feasible as there are no regulatory roadblocks and Airports of Thailand is keen to attract more international services at Chiang Mai. Chiang Mai currently does not have any links outside East Asia while Surabaya has limited service to Saudi Arabia.
However, Chiang Mai may be a less attractive market than Surabaya as it is more seasonal and consists mainly of leisure traffic. Surabaya would be more balanced and consist mainly of labour and business traffic.
Surabaya would also be more attractive – if Qatar can overcome the current regulatory hurdles – as Qatar has limited offline access to Surabaya. For Chiang Mai Qatar can use codeshare partner Bangkok Airways, while for Surabaya it has to rely on relatively weak interlines.
Qatar has no new partnership plans for Southeast Asia
Bangkok Airways and Malaysia Airlines are currently Qatar’s only Southeast Asian airline codeshare partners. The Malaysia Airlines-Qatar Airways codeshare is limited to the Kuala Lumpur-Doha route and this relationship is unlikely to evolve, given the new extensive partnership between Malaysia Airlines and Emirates. Qatar uses Bangkok Airways to access domestic destinations in Thailand – primarily Chiang Mai and Koh Samui – as well as international destinations in neighbouring Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos.
Bangkok Airways supplements Qatar Airways in Yangon and Phnom Penh, providing Qatar's Yangon passengers with an option for the days of week when Qatar does not operate Doha-Yangon, and Qatar's Phnom Penh passengers with an alternative to the Doha-Ho Chi Minh-Phnom Penh service. Bangkok Airways also provides Qatar with offline access to two other destinations in Myanmar (Mandalay and Nay Pyi Taw), one other destination in Cambodia (Siem Reap), and the two main destinations in Laos (Luang Prabang and Vientiane). Qatar is unlikely to operate its own service to Laos – or Brunei, the only other ASEAN country it does not serve on its own – as these are very small markets.
Qatar could benefit from more partnerships in the region, particularly to access the vast Indonesian market. With new feed Qatar could potentially support more capacity on its main Southeast Asian routes – or improve load factors in market such as Singapore, where it has already added capacity.
However, Mr Akbar says Qatar is not planning to pursue any new codeshare partnerships in Southeast Asia. At least for now, Qatar seems content on relying on its own rapidly expanding network. Theoretically, fellow oneworld partner Qantas could be an option for non-premium traffic, via its subsidiary Jetstar; but Emirates' partnership with Qantas and Jetstar Asia perhaps makes that a more complex option. Qatar has a limited very low volume interline arrangement with Jetstar Asia and has so far rejected the possibility of codesharing with Jetstar Asia, which could provide offline access to secondary Southeast Asian destinations.
Qatar’s expansion in Southeast Asia over the last couple of years has been impressive. Qatar is clearly banking on demand for long haul services to and from Southeast Asia continuing to grow rapidly.
There will be short term challenges as the Southeast Asian market has become intensely competitive and demand has been impacted by slower economic growth. But the Southeast Asian market has huge long term potential and Qatar’s recent push in the region is strategic.