EU Commission and FAA launch transatlantic action plan to cut emissions
(CAPA): European Commission and FAA launched a transatlantic
action plan to cut emissions called AIRE (Atlantic Interoperability Initiative
to Reduce Emissions).
According to Jacques Barrot, European Commission Vice-President responsible for transport, "the future of the aviation industry depends on its ability to combat climate change through innovation and greater efficiency, and this initiative will enable us to speed up the application of technologies and procedures having a direct impact on greenhouse gas emissions."
"Following the major success of our open skies agreement, this is further proof that the European Union and the United States benefit from working together in the aviation sector. We both want a sky open to aircraft but not to emissions," he added.
"The Commission is ensuring constant environmental awareness in the aviation sector. Our AIRE initiative is only one part of our three measures to make aviation greener. It supplements our proposal to include aviation in the emission rights trading system and the Clean Sky initiative launched by the Commission last week to support the development of the next generation of clean aircraft," the Commission VP concluded.
The joint initiative AIRE fits in with the cooperation protocol signed by the Commission and the FAA to coordinate two major programmes on air traffic control infrastructure modernisation, SESAR in Europe and NEXTGEN in the US.
AIRE will make it possible to speed up the application of new technologies and operational procedures which will have a direct impact in the short and medium term on greenhouse gas emissions. The measures include "smooth" or "reduced engine" approaches (which will enable noise and exhaust gas emissions to be reduced during landing), experiments with which carried out at Stockholm, Louisville and Atlanta have shown substantial savings in fuel and CO2 and NOx emissions.
AIRE will be based on "gate to gate" test campaigns and experiments, which will make it possible to assess the new measures' environmental benefits and their operational and technical feasibility. Accordingly, the Commission and the FAA have ensured that this initiative is being undertaken with the close involvement of partners from the industry, such as the aircraft manufacturers Airbus and Boeing, the operators Air France-KLM, SAS, Delta and FEDEX, and providers of aviation navigation services such as IAA (Ireland), LFV (Sweden) and NAV (Portugal). In addition to being an agreement between two leading public institutions, AIRE is therefore a genuine partnership which brings together aviation players with the common aim of environmental conservation.
The initial partnership will be expanded as best practices and new technologies spread in Europe and the US.
For the Commission, the air transport sustainable development strategy is based on a consistent three-pillared approach:
- Air traffic management, by means of SESAR or more generally the Single European Sky and initiatives such as AIRE;
- Technological development, through programmes such as Clean Sky or studies on the use of biofuels;
- Economic mechanisms for trading emission rights.
AIRE is the first large-scale environmental initiative bringing together aviation players from both sides of the Atlantic.